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Canada Needs Better Data for Evidence-Based Policy: Inconsistencies Between Administrative and Survey Data on Welfare Dependence and Education

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  • Rebecca N. Warburton
  • William P. Warburton
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    Abstract

    This study compares administrative and survey data on BC welfare (social assistance) recipients, to test whether survey data is sufficiently accurate for use in policy-oriented research. BC welfare and education data is compared to the 1994 Public Use Microdata (BC sample) of Statistics Canada's Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). BC 1994 SLID significantly understates welfare dependence, and overstates education levels of BC welfare recipients. Statistics Canada should lead a national initiative to make provincial administrative datasets available for research; and should use these data to improve key national longitudinal social research surveys such as SLID, NLSCY, and NPHS.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 241-256

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    Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:30:y:2004:i:3:p:241-256

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    1. Michael B. Coelli & David A. Green & William P. Warburton, 2004. "Breaking the cycle? The effect of education on welfare receipt among children of welfare recipients," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W04/14, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    2. Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy & Drolet, Simon, 2004. "Welfare benefits and the duration of welfare spells: evidence from a natural experiment in Canada," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(7-8), pages 1495-1520, July.
    3. Alan Krueger & Orley Ashenfelter, 1992. "Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins," NBER Working Papers 4143, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Bollinger, Christopher R & David, Martin H, 2001. "Estimation with Response Error and Nonresponse: Food-Stamp Participation in the SIPP," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(2), pages 129-41, April.
    5. V. J. Hotz & J. K. Scholz, . "Measuring Employment and Income for Low-Income Populations with Administrative and Survey Data," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty 1224-01, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    6. Bernard Fortin & Guy Lacroix & Jean-Fran├žois Thibault, 1999. "The Interaction of UI and Welfare, and the Dynamics of Welfare Participation of Single Parents," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(s1), pages 115-132, November.
    7. John Bound & Alan B. Krueger, 1989. "The Extent of Measurement Error In Longitudinal Earnings Data: Do Two Wrongs Make A Right?," NBER Working Papers 2885, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Adler, Hans J & Wolfson, Michael, 1988. "A Prototype Micro-Macro Link for the Canadian Household Sector," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 34(4), pages 371-92, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Nathan Berg & Todd Gabel, 2013. "Effects of New Welfare Reform Strategies on Welfare Participation: Microdata Estimates from Canada," Working Papers, University of Otago, Department of Economics 1304, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2013.
    2. Elliot M. Goldner, 2005. "Foundational Elements for Mental Health Reform in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 31(s1), pages 35-40, August.

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