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Disability Expenditures in Canada, 1970-1996: Trends, Reform Efforts and a Path for the Future

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  • Michele Campolieti
  • John N. Lavis
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    Abstract

    This paper reviews the programs - both public and private - that comprise the safety net for disabled persons in Canada. The paper has several objectives. First, we describe the trends in program expenditures in Canada between 1970 and 1996. Second, we discuss the plausible explanations for these trends and, where possible, the empirical evidence that establishes the relative importance of these explanations. Third, we discuss reform efforts implemented in the 1990s which seek to secure the financial viability of these programs. Finally, we discuss the need for additional program coordination and benefit integration in this system. If the support system for disabled persons in Canada is to move toward a more harmonized system in the future, it will be essential that these programs are examined and, if necessary, reformed as a single system rather than as separate or separable systems.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 241-164

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    Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:26:y:2000:i:2:p:241-164

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    1. Parsons, Donald O, 1980. "The Decline in Male Labor Force Participation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 117-34, February.
    2. James, S. & matier, C. & Sakhnini, H. & Sheikh, M., 1995. "The Economics of Canada Pension Plan Reforms," Working Papers-Department of Finance Canada 1995-09, Department of Finance Canada.
    3. Bound, John & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1999. "Economic analysis of transfer programs targeted on people with disabilities," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 51, pages 3417-3528 Elsevier.
    4. Michael Baker & Samuel A. Rea, Jr., 1994. "Employment Spells and Unemployment Insurance Eligibility Requirements," Working Papers reas-95-02, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    5. Haveman, Robert H & Wolfe, Barbara L, 1984. "The Decline in Male Labor Force Participation: Comment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(3), pages 532-41, June.
    6. Maki, Dennis R, 1993. "The Economic Implications of Disability Insurance in Canada," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages S148-69, January.
    7. Christofides, Louis N & McKenna, C J, 1996. "Unemployment Insurance and Job Duration in Canada," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(2), pages 286-312, April.
    8. Butler, Richard J & Durbin, David L & Helvacian, Nurhan M, 1996. "Increasing Claims for Soft Tissue Injuries in Workers' Compensation: Cost Shifting and Moral Hazard," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 73-87, July.
    9. Danzon, Patricia M, 1993. "The Economic Implications of Public Disability Insurance in the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages S170-200, January.
    10. Philip R. de Jong, 1999. "Reforming Social Policy: Learning from the Dutch Experience," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 135(III), pages 253-271, September.
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