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Social Mobility and Preferences for Redistribution in Latin America

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  • Alejandro Gaviria

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Abstract

This paper has two parts. The first part presents an overview of the evidence concerning intergenerational mobility in Latin America. The second part studies the correlation between mobility perceptions and political preferences. The results show, first, that educational mobility is much lower in Latin American countries than in the United States, and that Latin Americans are quite pessimistic about their own mobility experiences and social equality in general. Second, the results show that preferences for redistribution are stronger (i) among poor individuals, (ii) among those who believe that they were unable to surpass their parents´ socioeconomic status, and (iii) among those who think that market outcomes are unfair. A similar result applies with respect to the support for both market outcomes and the privatization of state-owned enterprises.

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File URL: http://www.brookings.edu/press/Journals/2007/economiafall2007.aspx
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION in its journal JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000425:008637

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Related research

Keywords: redistribution; mobility; equal opportunities; political preferences;

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Cited by:
  1. Ricardo Paes de Barros & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jose R. Molinas Vega & Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi, 2009. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2580, October.
  2. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(4), pages 622-657, December.
  3. Wietzke, Frank-Borge, 2014. "Pathways from jobs to social cohesion," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6804, The World Bank.
  4. Andy Sumner, 2012. "The Buoyant Billions: How “Middle Class” Are the New Middle Classes in Developing Countries? (And Why Does It Matter?)," Working Papers 309, Center for Global Development.
  5. Andy Sumner, 2012. "Where Will the World’s Poor Live? An Update on Global Poverty and the New Bottom Billion," Working Papers 305, Center for Global Development.
  6. Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Gustavo Nicolás Páez & Joao Pedro Azevedo, 2012. "Movilidad social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010323, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  7. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2011. "An ordinal approach to the study of intergenerational opportunities for standard of living: the case of Latin America," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 579-604, December.

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