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Factores socio ambientales y perfil de morbilidad de los menores de 12 años en el Departamento de Santander

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  • Adelaida Manquián Tejos

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    Abstract

    Resumen: Se sabe que la población infantil es el grupo poblacional más susceptible al impacto del medio ambiente, razón por la cual varias enfermedades que afectan a los niños, entre ellas las enfermedades diarreicas y gastrointestinales, pueden atribuirse a factores ambientales modificables tales como pobreza, agua no apta para el consumo humano, condiciones sanitarias inadecuadas y alimentos contaminados. En Santander, tales enfermedades se ubican entre las principales causas de consulta en todos los niveles de atención de los niños menores de 12 años. Este documento muestra los resultados de un estudio diagnóstico y aunque, corresponden a una mirada parcial del problema pretenden mostrar el entorno socio ambiental en el cual crecen los niños. Los indicadores seleccionados, muestran que existe una distribución inequitativa de los recursos en el Departamento, con alto porcentaje de pobres, falta de saneamiento básico y contaminación de alimentos, factores que probablemente contribuyen a mantener la alta prevalencia de estas enfermedades. AbstractIt is known that the child population is the most susceptible population group to the impact of the environment, which is why several diseases affecting children, including diarrhea and gastrointestinal diseases can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors such as poverty, water unfit for human consumption, inadequate sanitation and contaminated food.In Santander, such diseases are among the leading causes of consultation at all levels of care for children under 12 years. This paper shows the results of a diagnostic study and even corresponds to a partial view of the problem meant to show the socio environment in which children grow up. The selected indicators show that there is an unequal distribution of resources in the Department, with a high percentage of poor sanitation and lack of food contamination, factors that likely contribute to maintaining the high prevalence of these diseases.

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    File URL: http://revistas.ustabuca.edu.co/index.php/LEBRET/article/view/49/38
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMAS - BUCARAMANGA in its journal REVISTA LEBRET.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000385:010303

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    Related research

    Keywords: condiciones sanitarias; nivel de ingreso; diarrea; enfermedades gastrointestinales.health status; income level; diarrhea; gastrointestinal diseases;

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