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Efectos de la corrupción sobre la criminalidad, el crecimiento económico y la pobreza: una evidencia para seis departamentos de Colombia

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  • Jorge Enrique Saiz Vélez

    ()

  • Sergio Iván Mantilla Bautista

    ()

  • Jesús María Cardenas Beltrán

    ()

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    Abstract

    rEsumEnla corrupción afecta el crecimiento económico de los países, disminuye losrecursos efectivos destinados a la inversión social, genera desconfianza dela ciudadanía hacia las instituciones del estado. sin embargo, la mayoríade las investigaciones sobre el tema han utilizado metodologías basadasen encuestas. el principal aporte de este trabajo es la construcción de unmodelo estadístico en el cual la corrupción se mide a través de datos realesque se desprenden de los fallos de responsabilidad fiscal emitidos porla contraloría general de la república. el período de estudio es de diezaños (2000-2009) y abarca a los seis departamentos de colombia queen este lapso de tiempo registraron los mayores casos de corrupción. losresultados del modelo muestran una relación estadística importante entrela corrupción con los indicadores utilizados para cuantificar los niveles depobreza, crecimiento económico y violencia. no obstante, los efectos sobrelas variables seleccionadas no son estadísticamente significativos.abstractcorruption affects the countries´ economic growth, diminishes effectiveresources destined to social investment and generates mistrust ofthe citizenship towards the state´s institutions. however, most of theinvestigations about this topic have used methodologies based on surveys.The main contribution of this work is the construction of a statistical modelin which corruption is measured through real data resulting from the fiscalresponsibility sentences given by the republic´s general comptroller´soffice. This was a ten year study (2000-2009) that covered six colombiandepartments that during this period registered the highest number ofcorruption cases. The results of this study show an important statisticrelationship between corruption and the indexes used to quantify povertylevels, economic growth and violence. nevertheless, the effects over thechosen variables were not statistically significant.rEsumoa corrupção afeta o crescimento econômico dos países, diminui os recursosefetivos destinados ao investimento social, gera desconfiança da cidadaniaem relação às instituições do estado. porém, a maioria das pesquisas sobreo tema têm utilizado metodologias baseadas em entrevistas. a principalcontribuição deste trabalho é a construção de um modelo estadístico noqual a corrupção se mede através de dados reais derivados de sentençasde responsabilidade fiscal emitidos pela contraloría general de larepública. o período de estudo é de dez anos (2000-2009) e abrangeaos seis departamentos da colômbia que neste lapso de tempo registraramos maiores casos de corrupção. os resultados do modelo mostram umarelação estadística importante entre a corrupção com os indicadoresutilizados para quantificar os níveis de pobreza, crescimento econômico eviolência. não obstante, os efeitos sobre as variáveis selecionadas não sãoestatísticamente significativos.rÉsumÉla corruption frappe la croissance économique du pays, réduit les ressourcesefficaces pour l´investissement social, augmente la méfiance des citoyensà l´égard des institutions de l´etat. cependant, la plupart des recherchessur ce sujet ont utilisé des méthodes fondées sur l´enquête. la principalecontribution de ce document est de construire un modèle statistique danslequel la corruption est mesurée par des données réelles découlant del´échec de la responsabilité fiscale délivré par la Contraloría General dela República. la période d´étude est de dix ans (2000-2009) et couvreles six départements de la colombie qui dans cette période ont enregistréles plus hautes affaires de corruption. les résultats du modèle montrentune relation statistique significative entre la corruption avec les indicateursutilisés pour quantifier les niveaux de pauvreté, la croissance économiqueet la violence. Toutefois, les effets sur les variables sélectionnées ne sont passtatistiquement significatives.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD LIBRE - SEDE PRINCIPAL in its journal REVISTA CRITERIO LIBRE.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000370:009675

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    Keywords: corrupción; homicidio; pobreza; crecimiento económico; ingresos.;

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