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Estimación econométrica de la oferta laboral de los hogares nucleares en Colombia

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Author Info

  • Jaime Enrique Cusba García

    ()

  • Iván Andrés Ramírez Pinzón

    ()

  • Wilson Mayorga Mogollón

    ()

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    Abstract

    RESUMENLos desarrollos teóricos recientes muestran que las decisiones al interior de los hogares surgen de la interacción entre las preferencias individuales decada miembro respecto al consumo de bienes, pero también dependen del uso de su tiempo, de la restricción presupuestaria del hogar y del proceso de negociación que tiene lugar al interior de este. Como resultado de estas decisiones es posible determinar el gasto agregadodel hogar en diferentes bienes y servicios, la participación laboral y la distribución de los ingresos de sus miembros. Por ello, a través de esta investigación se busca evaluar empíricamente, mediante el uso del enfoque de modelos colectivos, el proceso de decisión de los hogaresen Colombia, con particular énfasis en la decisión de oferta laboral. Los resultados muestran que el cónyuge que tiene mayores ingresos es quien determina su distribución al interior del hogar y que la mujer obtiene la mayor parte de los ingresos no laborales del hogar. Estos hechos inciden de manera significativa en la oferta laboral de todos los miembros del hogar.ABSTRACTECONOMETRIC ESTIMATION OF LABOR SUPPLY ON NUCLEAR HOUSEHOLDS IN COLOMBIAThe theoretical recent developments show that the decisions to the interior of the homes arise from the interaction between the individual preferences of every member with regard to the consumption of goods, but also they depend on the use of his time, of the budgetary restriction of the home and of the process of negotiation that takes place to the interior of this one. Since proved from these decisions it is possible to determine the expense added of the home in different goods and services, the labor participation and the distribution of the income of his members. For thisreason, from this investigation it is intended to seek to evaluate empirically, by using of the collective models approach, the process of decision of the homes in Colombia, with particular emphasis in the decision of labor offer.The results show that the spouse who has major income is the one who determines his distribution to the interior of the home and that the woman obtains great part of the not labor income of the home. These facts affect in a significant way in the labor offer of all the members of the home.RESUMOESTIMAÇÃO ECONOMÉTRICO DA OFERTA DE EMPREGO DA FAMÍLIAS NUCLEAR NA COLÔMBIAOs desenvolvimentos teóricos recentes mostram que as decisões no interior dos lares surgem da interação entre as preferências individuais de cada membro a respeito do consumo de bens, mas também dependem do uso de seu tempo, da restrição orçamentária do lar do processo de negociaçãoque acontece no interior de cada lar. Como resultado destas decisões é possível determinar o gasto agregado do lar em diferentes bens e serviços, a participação trabalhista e a distribuição da renda de seus membros. Então, através desta pesquisa, busca-se avaliar empiricamente, mediante o uso do enfoque de modelos coletivos, o processo de decisão dos lares na Colômbia, com particular ênfase na decisão de oferta trabalhista. Os resultados mostram que o cônjuge que tem maior renda é quem determina sua distribuição em cada lar, e que a mulher obtém grande parte da renda não laboral do lar. Estes fatos incidem de maneira significativa naoferta trabalhista de todos os membros do lar.RÉSUMÉESTIMATION ÉCONOMÉTRIQUE DE L´OFFRE DE TRAVAIL MÉNAGES NUCLEAIRE EN COLOMBIELes récents développements théoriques montrent que les décisions au sein du ménage découlant de l´interaction entre les préférences individuelles de chaque membre pour la consommation de biens, mais aussi de l´utilisation de leur temps, la contrainte budgétaire des ménages et leprocessus de négociation qui a lieu dans ce cadre. À la suite de ces décisions est possible déterminer dépenses globales des ménages sur les différents biens et services, la participation au marché du travail et la répartition des revenus de ses membres. Par conséquent, cette recherche vise à évaluer de manière empirique le processus de décision des ménages en Colombie en utilisant l´approchedes modèles collectifs, avec un accent particulier sur la décision de l´offre de travail. Les résultats montrent que le conjoint avec les revenus les plus élevés est qui détermine leur répartition au sein du ménage et que la femme obtient une grande partie des revenus du patrimoine duménage. Ces faits ont un impact significatif sur l´offre de travail de tous les membres du ménage.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD LIBRE - SEDE PRINCIPAL in its journal REVISTA CRITERIO LIBRE.

    Volume (Year): (2010)
    Issue (Month): ()
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000370:007824

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    Related research

    Keywords: Oferta laboral; distribución del ingreso; preferencias individuales; modelos colectivos.Keywords: Labor offer; distribution of the revenue; individualpreferences; collective models.Palavras-chave: Oferta trabalhista; distribuição de renda; preferênciasindividuais; modelos coletivos.Mots clés: L´offre de travail; la répartition des revenus; les préférencesindividuelles; les modèles collectifs.;

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