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Geopolìtica, poder y capacidad nacional: Una aproximaciòn economètrica

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  • Fernando Chavarro Miranda

    ()

  • MANFRED ENRIQUE GRAUTOFF

    ()

Abstract

RESUMENLa contribución del presente artículo es entregar a la comunidad académica un instrumento de medición que permite cuantificar la capacidad relativa estatal denominada poder. Permite establecer correlaciones entre variables que la literatura en relaciones internacionales ha empleado demanera instrumental para evaluar el sistema internacional.Se expresan las definiciones de las escuelas clásicas de geopolítica y las argumentaciones que han ofrecido, así como la forma en que se ha desarrollado el concepto de poder. Se presentará la revisión del estado del arte sobre las mediciones que se han elaborado sobre poder, donde se concluye que las investigaciones son escasas y las mediciones no existen.Posteriormente, se desarrolla el índice de capacidades estatales planteado por el presente artículo, donde expondrán los resultados, para finalmente desarrollar un modelo econométrico data panel que permita verificar las tesis formuladas por las escuelas de geopolítica y de relaciones internacionales.ABSTRACTGEOPOLITICS, POWER AND NATIONAL CAPACITY: AN ECONOMETRICAL APPROXIMATIONThe contribution of the present article is focused to summit the academic community an instrument to allow itself to quantify the relative state capacity named power. It allows to establish correlations between variables that the literature in international relations has used in an instrumental way to evaluate the international system.This article also expresses the definitions of the classic schools of geopolitics and the argumentations they have offered, as well as the form in which the concept of power has been developed. A review of the conditions of the art will be presented based on the measurements that have been elaborated on power concept, where it is easy to concludethat investigations are scanty and measurements do not exist.results will be exposed and finally to develop an econometric model which allows to check the theses formulated by the schools of geopolitics and of international relations.ResumoGEOPOLÍTICA, PODER E CAPACIDADE NACIONAL: UMA ABORDAGEM ECONOMÉTRICOA contribuição deste trabalho é entregar à comunidade acadêmica um instrumento de medida que quantifica a capacidade relativa chamado poder do Estado. Permite estabelecer correlações entre as variáveis que a literatura de relações internacionais tem usado de modo instrumentalpara avaliar o sistema internacional.Expressa-se as definições das escolas clássicas de geopolítica e os argumentos que têm oferecido, e a forma como se desenvolveu o conceito de poder. Ele irá desvendar o estado da arte sobre as medidas que têm sido desenvolvidos no poder, onde se conclui que as investigações são raras e não há medições.Posteriormente, é desenvolvido o índice de capacidades do Estado levantadas por este artigo, que descreve os resultados, para finalmente desenvolver um modelo econométrico de dados em painel que permite verificar os argumentos apresentados pelas escolas de geopolítica erelações internacionais.RésuméGÉOPOLITIQUE, POUVOIR ET CAPACITÉ NATIONALE: UNE APPROCHE ÉCONOMÉTRIQUELa contribution de cet article est de rendre à la communauté académique un instrument de méditions qui permet de quantifier la capacité d´état relative nommée pouvoir. Celui-ci permet d´établir des corrélations entre les variables que la littérature en relations internationales a utilisé d´unemanière instrumentale pour évaluer le système international.On exprime la définition des écoles classiques de géopolitique et les arguments qui ont offert, ainsi comme la manière dont le concept de pouvoir s´est développé. On présentera la révision de l´état de l´art sur les mesures qu´on a élaboré à propos du pouvoir où on peut conclureque les recherches sont très petites et les mesures n´existent pas.Puis, on développe l´index des capacités d´état proposé par l´article où les résultats seront exposés pour que finalement on développe un modèle économétrique panneau de donnés qui permet vérifier les thèses formulées par les écoles de géopolitique et des relations internationales.

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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD LIBRE - SEDE PRINCIPAL in its journal REVISTA CRITERIO LIBRE.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000370:006925

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Keywords: Geopolítica; modelo econométrico; relaciones internacionalesKey words: Geopolitics; econometric model; international relationsPalavras-chave: Geopolítica; modelo econométrico; relaçõesinternacionaisMots clés: Géopolitique; modèle économétrique; relationsinternationales;

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