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Does High Unemployment Rate Result in a High Divorce Rate?: A Test for Japan

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  • Yukichika Kawata

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine if the increase in the unemploymentrate has any effect on the divorce rate. We use time series data andcross section data for the whole of Japan in order to examine this assertion.We also include crime rate and average working hours as explanatory variables.We conducted cointegration analysis to avoid spurious correlation for the timeseries data. We apply OLS for the time series and cross section data. The resultssuggest a positive correlation between the unemployment rate and thedivorce rate. We also confirm that the influence of unemployment over divorceis immediate.**El objetivo de este artículo es determinar si el incremento en latasa de desempleo tiene algún efecto sobre la tasa de divorcios. Con este finse utilizan series de tiempo y datos de corte transversal para Japón. Tambiénse incluyen la tasa de crímenes y el promedio de las horas trabajadas comovariables explicativas. Adicionalmente se efectúa análisis de cointegración conel fin de evitar relaciones espúreas entre las series de tiempo. Los resultadossugieren que existe una correlación positiva entre la tasa de desempleo y la tasade divorcios. También confirmamos que existe una relación cronológica cercanaentre el desempleo y el divorcio.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:006201

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Keywords: unemployment; marital dissolution.**desempleo; divorcio.;

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  1. Betsey Stevenson & Justin Wolfers, 2007. "Marriage and Divorce: Changes and their Driving Forces," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 21(2), pages 27-52, Spring.
  2. Marcus Eliason, 2012. "Lost jobs, broken marriages," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 1365-1397, October.
  3. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "A Theory of Marriage: Part II," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 11-26 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Kerwin Kofi Charles & Melvin Stephens Jr., 2001. "Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce," NBER Working Papers 8578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Becker, Gary S & Landes, Elisabeth M & Michael, Robert T, 1977. "An Economic Analysis of Marital Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(6), pages 1141-87, December.
  6. Jensen, Peter & Smith, Nina, 1990. "Unemployment and Marital Dissolution," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 215-29, October.
  7. Kraft, Kornelius, 2001. "Unemployment and the Separation of Married Couples," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 67-87.
  8. Mari Rege & Kjetil Telle & Mark Votruba, 2007. "Plant Closure and Marital Dissolution," Discussion Papers, Research Department of Statistics Norway 514, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
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