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Participación laboral en Ibagué

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  • David Aldana

    ()

  • Luis Eduardo Arabgo

    ()

Abstract

La alta tasa de participación laboral en Ibagué ha tenido como consecuencia que la tasa de desempleo en dicha ciudad haya sido la mayor en los últimos a˜nos en relación con las principales áreas del país. Este trabajo presenta evidencia sobre los determinantes de la participación laboral de Ibagué para el período 2001–2005 y los compara con los determinantes de trece áreas metropolitanas. Con base en la Encuesta Continua de Hogares se estiman tres modelos probit de participación: uno para el total de trece áreas, otro para Ibagué y uno conjunto en el que se diferencia a Ibagué del promedio nacional. En general, los signos de los coeficientes son los esperados. El hecho fundamental es la alta participación de las personas que integran los grupos de 12 a 17 a˜nos. La participación del grupo de edad de 18 a 23 a˜nos es también importante. La baja remuneración en el mercado laboral y la ca´ıda en el empleo formal (de personas no beneficiarias del subsidio monetario entregado por las cajas de compensación familiar) son las dos hipótesis básicas para explicar el fenómeno de la alta participación en Ibagué. Sin embargo, queda por responder la pregunta del porqué no emigran a otras ciudades. ******************** The high rate of participation in Ibagu´e has brought forth the highest unemployment rate among the main cities in Colombia during the last years. This paper reports some evidence about the determinants of the labor participation in Ibagu´e for the period 2001–2005 and then compare it with the determinants of participation in thirteen cities. Based on the information of the Continued Housing Survey three probit models are estimated: one for the thirteen cities, one for Ibagu´e and another for all of them. In general, the signs of the coefficients are the expected ones. A major influence is the participation of people between 12 and 17 as well as between 18 and 23. Among the explanations are the low labor income in Ibagu´e and the drop in the formal employment (covered by Household Subsidy System) with a consequence in monetary subsidy paid by firms to the families which is part of the non-income labor of secondary workers. However, it remains the question, given such a high unemployment rate, why people do not leave Ibagu´e?

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:005096

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Cited by:
  1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paola Montenegro & Nataly Obando, 2011. "El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007871, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Mora, J.J., 2013. "Gender differences between remittances and labor participation in developing countries: A cross-section analysis of Colombia in year 2008," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(1), pages 99-112.
  3. Jhon James Mora & Juan Muro, 2007. "Diploma earning differences by gender in Colombia," Alcamentos 0802, Universidad de Alcalá, Departamento de Economía., revised 2008.

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