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El efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio en Colombia durante los años de la industrialización

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  • Carmen Astrid Romero

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    Abstract

    El intrincado sistema de tipos de cambio múltiples (STCM) permitió, en parte, cumplir con una política de protección cambiaria en Colombia durante los años de la industrialización dirigida. Esto lo confirma la presencia de un efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de algunos bienes importados y a los precios del café, principal producto de exportación durante los años del estudio. En la primera parte de este artículo se estima el efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de algunos productos importados para industrias de bienes intermedios y materias primas en su mayoría y algunos productos del sector de bienes de capital con series anuales desde 1948 hasta 1974. En la segunda parte del documento se verificó la transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de las exportaciones de café con series mensuales desde enero de 1932 hasta diciembre de 1974. El efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios internos del café en el largo plazo fue del 0,95. La transmisión de los movimientos de los precios internacionales del café al precio doméstico fue completa. La economía cafetera influyó activamente en la decisión de mantener los tipos de cambios múltiples en el país, con la idea de contar con la herramienta cambiaria activa para contener los efectos de las fluctuaciones de los precios internacionales del grano.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010162

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    Related research

    Keywords: tipo de cambio; efecto transmisióndel tipo de cambio; política cambiaria;

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    1. Jose Manuel Campa & Linda S. Goldberg, 2002. "Exchange rate pass-through into import prices: a macro or micro phenomenon?," Staff Reports 149, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    2. Phillips, Peter C B & Ouliaris, S, 1990. "Asymptotic Properties of Residual Based Tests for Cointegration," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(1), pages 165-93, January.
    3. Hernán Rincón & Édgar Caicedo & Norberto Rodríguez, 2007. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through Effects:A Disaggregate Analysis Of Colombianimports Of Manufactured Goods," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
    4. José M. Campa & Linda S. Goldberg & José M. González-Mínguez, 2005. "Exchange rate pass through to import prices in the euro area," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0538, Banco de Espa�a.
    5. Feinberg, Robert M, 2000. "The Role of International Discipline in Three Developing Economies: Exchange Rate Effects on Domestic Prices in Colombia, Korea, and Morocco," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(1), pages 126-33, February.
    6. Hansen, Bruce E., 1992. "Testing for parameter instability in linear models," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 517-533, August.
    7. José Manuel Campa & Jose M. González Mínguez, 2002. "Differences in exchange rate pass-through in the euro area," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0219, Banco de Espa�a.
    8. Robert C. Feenstra & Jon D. Kendall, 1994. "Passthrough of Exchange Rates and Purchasing Power Parity," NBER Working Papers 4842, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1996. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," NBER Working Papers 5862, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Menon, Jayant, 1995. " Exchange Rate Pass-Through," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(2), pages 197-231, June.
    11. Jayant Menon, 1992. "Exchange rates and prices of Australian manufactured exports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 128(4), pages 695-710, December.
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