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Sobre los efectos macroeconómicos de la composición de la deuda pública en Colombia

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Author Info

  • Franz Hamann

    ()

  • Julián Pérez

    ()

  • Paulina Restrepo

    ()

Abstract

En este artículo se presenta un análisis cuantitativo del impacto macroeconómico de la forma como se financia el déficit fiscal en una economía pequeña y abierta. En particular, nos enfocamos en evaluar el impacto macroeconómico de una situación en la que, dado un nivel de déficit fiscal, el gobierno decide entre financiarlo con deuda doméstica o externa. Para este propósito empleamos un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico para una economía pequeña y abierta. Al calibrar el modelo a la economía colombiana, encontramos que los efectos de una sustitución de deuda pública externa por interna dependen de si ésta es transitoria o permanente. Una sustitución transitoria tiene efectos reales despreciables, con excepción de su impacto sobre los flujos de capital privados (efecto portafolio"). Es decir, un aumento de la deuda pública doméstica vis à vis una reducción en la externa, es balanceado por una reducción de los activos externos netos privados. Por el contrario, una sustitución permanente de un 10% de deuda externa por doméstica tiene efectos macroeconómicos transitorios pero considerables sobre la actividad real: una reducción inicial en la inversión, producto de mayores tasas de interés que resultaría en un aumento en los activos externos netos de un 5% con una depreciación nominal cercana al 1%. Esta sustitución permite reducir transitoriamente la tasa de impuesto a la renta en un 2%, el cual aumentaría persistentemente el consumo hasta en un 3%."

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2005)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007516

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Related research

Keywords: política fiscal; composición de deuda pública; flujos de capital; Colombia.;

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  1. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2002. "Closing Small Open Economy Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 3096, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Diego M. Vásquez, 2003. "Mecanismo De Cobertura Para El Riesgo De Tasa De Interés Real De Los Bancos Hipotecarios Colombianos," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003189, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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