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Movilidad intergeneracional en Colombia

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  • Katherine Cartagena

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    Abstract

    En este trabajo se analiza la movilidad educativa entre gene-raciones en Colombia desde 1915 hasta 2003. A través de un nuevo índice se mide la movilidad intergeneracional ascendente, entendida como la probabilidad neta de que los hijos superen la educación de sus padres. Para examinar la incidencia de los retornos de la educación sobre las decisiones educativas y, particularmente, sobre la movilidad intergeneracional, fue necesario construir una serie de rentabilidad de la educación que cubriera el mismo período que el indicador de movilidad. El análisis muestra un considerable aumento de la educación entre generaciones y señala una disminución en el ritmo de crecimiento de la movilidad intergeneracional desde mediados de la década de los setenta; esto podría explicarse, entre otros factores, por el descenso en los retornos de la educación. Finalmente, en el documento se sugiere la existencia de imperfecciones en el mercado para el financiamiento de la educación superior.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ensayos/pdf/espe_051-4.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:003259

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    Related research

    Keywords: Educación; capital humano; movilidad educativa intergeneracional; retornos de la educación; imperfecciones del mercado de crédito; desempleo;

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    1. Acemoglu, Daron & Pischke, J. -S., 2001. "Changes in the wage structure, family income, and children's education," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 890-904, May.
    2. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 2013. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Working Papers 2013-12, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    3. Daron Acemoglu & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 2000. "Changes in Wage Structure, Family Income, and Children's Education," JCPR Working Papers 208, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    4. Fields, Gary S. & Ok, Efe A., 1996. "The Meaning and Measurement of Income Mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 349-377, November.
    5. Dardanoni Valentino, 1993. "Measuring Social Mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 372-394, December.
    6. Alejandro Gaviria & Momi Dahan, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4162, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, . "The Productivity of Nations," Working Papers 96012, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
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