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Movilidad social, preferencias redistributivas y felicidad en Colombia

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  • Juliana Londoño

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Abstract

Este trabajo evalúa el impacto del ingreso, la movilidad social y la justicia social sobre la felicidad y la demanda de redistribución. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta Social y Política de 2007 de la Universidad de los Andes e Invamer Gallup, la primera parte del trabajo revela que, a pesar del pesimismo al evaluar su propia experiencia de movilidad, los colombianos reportan ser optimistas al predecir la movilidad futura y ello independientemente del nivel socioeconómico. La segunda parte muestra que los ricos, los móviles con respecto a sus padres y quienes perciben que el sistema socioeconómico es justo reportan ser más felices. Este efecto sobre el bienestar subjetivo afecta la demanda de políticas redistributivas. En la última parte se encuentra que los pobres, los pesimistas sobre la movilidad social y los que perciben que el sistema socioeconómico es injusto son quienes demandan más intervención del Estado con fines redistributivos.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:009175

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Keywords: movilidad social; preferencias políticas; redistribución; justicia social; felicidad.;

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  1. Thomas Piketty, 1994. "Social Mobility and Redistributive Politics," Working papers 94-15, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  2. Roland Bénabou & Efe A. Ok, 2001. "Social Mobility And The Demand For Redistribution: The Poum Hypothesis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 116(2), pages 447-487, May.
  3. Andrew E. Clark & Claudia Senik, 2009. "Who compares to whom? The anatomy of income comparisons in Europe," PSE Working Papers halshs-00586036, HAL.
  4. Birchenall, Javier A., 2001. "Income distribution, human capital and economic growth in Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 271-287, October.
  5. Claudia Senik, 2009. "Income Distribution and Subjective Happiness: A Survey," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 96, OECD Publishing.
  6. Justina A.V. Fischer, 2009. "The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 93, OECD Publishing.
  7. Angeletos, George-Marios & Alesina, Alberto, 2005. "Fairness and Redistribution," Scholarly Articles 4553009, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  8. Boarini, Romina & Le Clainche, Christine, 2009. "Social preferences for public intervention: An empirical investigation based on French data," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 115-128, January.
  9. Fischer, Justina AV, 2009. "The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility: An Analysis for OECD countries," MPRA Paper 17070, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Tomes, Nigel, 1986. "Income distribution, happiness and satisfaction: A direct test of the interdependent preferences model," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 425-446, December.
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