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Ventas callejeras y espacio público: efectos sobre el comercio de Bogotá

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  • Rocha Ricardo

    ()

  • Fabio Sánchez

    ()

  • Leonardo Garcia

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo intenta medir empíricamente las externalidades generadas por las ventas callejeras en cuatro zonas de la ciudad. Dada la falta de información, se realizaron censos y encuestas a vendedores callejeros entre diciembre del 2004 y enero del 2005. El trabajo descriptivo muestra que el comercio establecido es menos formal de lo esperado, mientras que las ventas callejeras tienen muy poco de ambulantes, exhiben reducida escala y baja rivalidad espacial. Las estimaciones realizadas muestran el impacto negativo de la congestión del espacio público ocasionada por los vendedores callejeros sobre las ventas y el empleo del comercio establecido. Se llevan a cabo simulaciones de los efectos de una reducción en las ventas callejeras, que señalan que aunque las ventas callejeras son tan sólo 2% del total en los cuatro ejes analizados, reducen en 14% y 16% las ventas y el empleo del comercio establecido, respectivamente. Finalmente, se ponen de presente algunas limitaciones de la estrategia metodológica y se presentan propuestas para la política pública para enfrentar el fenómeno.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:005865

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Related research

Keywords: Espacio público; ventas callejeras; informalidad; externalidades; congestión;

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  1. Sebastian Galiani & Rafael Di Tella & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2002. "Crime Victimization and Income Distribution," Working Papers, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia 50, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Aug 2002.
  2. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 2001. "Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 834, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  3. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2010. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using Markov processes: An application to informality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 621-631, August.
  4. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 1980. "Theories of urban externalities," MPRA Paper 24614, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. repec:fth:prinin:455 is not listed on IDEAS
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