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El peso al nacer de los niños de la principal maternidad de Uruguay: 1995 a 2004

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Author Info

  • Jewell R. Todd

    ()

  • Patricia Triunfo

    ()

  • Rafael Aguirre

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio investiga el impacto de factores de riesgo en el peso al nacer de los neonatos de la principal maternidad del Uruguay, el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, hospital público que atiende fundamentalmente población de bajos ingresos. La información proveniente del Sistema Informático Perinatal (CLAP, OPS/OMS) cubre los nacimientos registrados entre 1995 y 2004. Se encuentra que la mayoría de los factores de riesgo incluidos son signifi cativos predictores, tanto del peso al nacer como del bajo peso al nacer. Aquellos que pueden ser infl uidos por políticas públicas (uso de cuidados prenatales y educación) tienen un efecto signifi cativo en el peso al nacer; sin embargo, también lo tienen los factores de riesgo epidemiológicos. Por tanto, es importante incrementar la utilización adecuada de los controles prenatales y la educación materna, pero también lo es para los hacedores de política considerar caminos que reduzcan la ocurrencia de ciertos factores de riesgo epidemiológicos evitables", como el hábito de fumar de la madre, los cortos períodos interembarazos y las edades extremas de la madre."

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/59/01_peso.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:004102

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Related research

Keywords: cuidados prenatales; factores de riesgo; peso al nacer;

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References

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  1. Evans, William N. & Lien, Diana S., 2005. "The benefits of prenatal care: evidence from the PAT bus strike," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1-2), pages 207-239.
  2. Theodore Joyce & Michael Grossman, 1990. "Pregnancy wantedness and the early initiation of prenatal care," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 1-17, February.
  3. R. Todd Jewell & Patricia Triunfo, 2006. "The impact of prenatal care on birthweight: the case of Uruguay," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(11), pages 1245-1250.
  4. Michael Grossman & Theodore J. Joyce, 1991. "Unobservables, Pregnancy Resolutions, and Birthweight Production Functions in New York City," NBER Working Papers 2746, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
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Cited by:
  1. Amarante, Veronica & Manacorda, Marco & Miguel, Edward & Vigorito, Andrea, 2011. "Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6231, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Ana I. Balsa & Patricia Triunfo, 2012. "The Effectiveness of Prenatal Care in a Low Income Population: A Panel Data Approach," Documentos de Trabajo/Working Papers 1204, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales y Economia. Universidad de Montevideo..

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