Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

La productividad del sector manufacturero colombiano y el impacto de la política comercial: 1977-2001

Contents:

Author Info

  • Meléndez Marcela

    ()

  • Katja Seim

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza los efectos de las reformas a la política comercial de la década de 1990 sobre la productividad del sector manufacturero colombiano. Los resultados indican que entre 1978 y 1998, la productividad agregada del sector manufacturero se estancó, e incluso decreció en algunas de las industrias muy grandes. Sin embargo, la recesión de 1999 aparece como un choque positivo. Entre 1999 y 2001, la productividad mostró un crecimiento significativo. Durante el período observado hay una baja tasa de entrada y salida de firmas, y poca relocalización de trabajo entre sectores. El estancamiento de la productividad puede explicarse por la permanencia en actividad de plantas improductivas, combinada con un lento desarrollo tecnológico. La dinámica de la productividad varía significativamente entre sectores, y los resultados obtenidos indican que esta variación puede atribuirse a la relocalización de trabajo al interior de cada sector. Las políticas industriales tienen gran importancia. La caída en la productividad de sectores particulares coincide con altas tasas de aranceles, mientras que la exposición de ciertos sectores a mercados internacionales está correlacionada con aumentos en la productividad.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/57/Reformas.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:col:000090:003062

Contact details of provider:

Related research

Keywords: productividad; industria manufacturera; políticas comerciales; apertura;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
  2. Fernandes, Ana M., 2007. "Trade policy, trade volumes and plant-level productivity in Colombian manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 52-71, March.
  3. John Haltiwanger & C J Krizan & Lucia Foster, 1998. "Aggregate Productivity Growth: Lessons From Microeconomic Evidence," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 98-12, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. Chad Syverson, 2004. "Market Structure and Productivity: A Concrete Example," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(6), pages 1181-1222, December.
  5. Kim, Euysung, 2000. "Trade liberalization and productivity growth in Korean manufacturing industries: price protection, market power, and scale efficiency," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 55-83, June.
  6. George S Olley & Ariel Pakes, 1992. "The Dynamics Of Productivity In The Telecommunications Equipment Industry," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 92-2, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  7. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
  8. Nina Pavcnik, 2000. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants," NBER Working Papers 7852, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000090:003062. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Universidad De Los Andes-Cede).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.