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Heterogeneous firms, trade liberalization and agglomeration

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  • Hisamitsu Saito
  • Munisamy Gopinath
  • JunJie Wu

Abstract

In this study, we develop an economic model to examine agglomeration of heterogeneous firms following trade liberalization. In a closed economy, we show that high-productivity firms are more likely to agglomerate because they benefit more from agglomeration than their low-productivity counterparts. However, trade liberalization, especially with a high-productivity partner, favours partial agglomeration; that is, low-productivity firms relocate away from the region where high-productivity firms agglomerate. Consequently, the welfare gap between the domestic regions of an economy narrows following trade liberalization. The latter result suggests that trade liberalization promotes regional economic development.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 44 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 541-560

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:44:y:2011:i:2:p:541-560

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Cited by:
  1. von Ehrlich, Maximilian & Seidel, Tobias, 2013. "More similar firms — More similar regions? On the role of firm heterogeneity for agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 539-548.
  2. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2013. "Which Firms are Left in the Periphery? - Spatial Sorting of Heterogeneous Firms with Scale Economies in Transportation," Research Papers in Economics 2013:9, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  3. Rikard Forslid & Toshihiro Okubo, 2011. "On the development strategy of countries of intermediate size - An analysis of heterogeneous firms in a multi-region framework," Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Discussion Paper Series 2011-029, Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Program.
  4. Churen Sun & Zhihao Yu & Tao Zhang, 2012. "Agglomeration, Productivity, and Firms¡® Exports: Evidence from Chinese Firm-level Data," ERSA conference papers ersa12p882, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2010. "On the Development Strategy of Countries of Intermediate size - An Analysis of Heterogenous Fims in a Multiregion Framework," Research Papers in Economics 2010:28, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  6. Sun, Churen & Yu, Zhihao & Zhang, Tao, 2012. "Agglomeration and Trade with Heterogeneous Firms," MPRA Paper 49001, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Aug 2013.

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