Trade between symmetric countries, heterogeneous firms, and the skill premium
AbstractThis paper examines the effects of trade liberalization between symmetric countries on the skill premium. I introduce skilled and unskilled labour in a model of trade with heterogeneous firms à la Melitz (2003) and assume a production technology such that more productive firms are more skill intensive. I show that the effects of trade liberalization on wage inequality crucially depend on the type of trade costs considered and on their initial size. While fixed costs of trade have a potentially non-monotonic effect on the skill premium, a drop in variable trade costs unambiguously and substantially raises wage inequality.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 44 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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- James Harrigan & Ariell Reshef, 2011. "Skill Biased Heterogeneous Firms, Trade Liberalization, and the Skill Premium," NBER Working Papers 17604, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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- Mauro Caselli, 2010. "Trade liberalisation, skill-biased technical change and wages in developing countries: a model with heterogeneous firms," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-27, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
- Catia Montagna & Antonella Nocco, 2012. "Trade Costs, International Competition and Selection: The Effects of Unionisation on Market Size," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 269, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
- Ariel Burstein & Jonathan Vogel, 2010. "Globalization, Technology, and the Skill Premium: A Quantitative Analysis," NBER Working Papers 16459, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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