International Trade Policy in a Model of Unemployment and Wage Differentials
AbstractThe author examines the effects of import tariffs and export subsidies in a two-sector model with sector-specific wage differentials and an equilibrium level of unemployment. In general, such policies change both the composition and level of employment. Policies designed to attract workers to the high-wage sector could also result in reduced employment and lower social welfare. This could happen if the low-wage sector is also the relatively labor-intensive sector. In such situations, the optimal policy might entail protecting the low-wage, labor-intensive sector. I examine the effects of import tariffs and export subsidies in a two-sector model with sector-specific wage differentials and an equilibrium level of unemployment. In general, such policies change both the composition and level of employment. Policies designed to attract workers to the high-wage sector could also result in reduced employment and lower social welfare. This could happen if the low-wage sector is also the relatively labour-intensive sector. In such situations the optimal policy might entail protecting the low-wage labour-intensive sector.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 27 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
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Postal: Canadian Economics Association Prof. Steven Ambler, Secretary-Treasurer c/o Olivier Lebert, CEA/CJE/CPP Office C.P. 35006, 1221 Fleury Est Montréal, Québec, Canada H2C 3K4
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