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La directive services : une analyse économique

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  • Cyrille Schwellnus

Abstract

La Commission européenne a présenté en janvier 2004 un projet de directive qui vise à éliminer les barrières aux échanges de services au sein de l'UE. Cette directive a déclenché une vaste controverse. D'un côté, ses partisans font valoir que les services constituent 70% du PIB et des emplois de l'Union et qu'étendre la libéralisation à ce secteur bénéficiera à la croissance et à l'emploi. De l'autre, ses adversaires avancent que cette libéralisation, intervenant peu après l'élargissement à l'Est, pénalisera, à l'Ouest, l'emploi et les salaires dans les activités de services comparativement désavantagées. Ils redoutent aussi un nivellement par le bas des normes réglementaires. L'examen du contenu de la directive permet de relativiser les risques dans ce domaine. L'analyse des gains d'efficience et des effets redistributifs de la libéralisation permet ensuite d'envisager les mesures qui, tout en préservant le plus possible les premiers, permettraient de réduire les seconds et d'assurer ainsi la viabilité politique de la directive.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal La Lettre du CEPII.

Volume (Year): (2006)
Issue (Month): 252 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2006-252

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Cited by:
  1. Damien Broussolle, 2006. "The New Approach To International Trade In Services In View Of Services Specificities: Economic And Regulation Issues," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2006-05, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
  2. Damien Broussolle, 2006. "Vers la fin du monopole postal en 2009. Quel avenir pour le service public ?," Bulletin de l'Observatoire des politiques économiques en Europe, Observatoire des Politiques Économiques en Europe (OPEE), vol. 0(3), 07.

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