Is there a medical brain drain?
AbstractThis paper offers initial insights on the general circumstances under which a beneficial or a detrimental brain drain is obtained in the medical sector. For that purpose, we use an original dataset so as to analyze determinants of the evolution in the relative number of medical doctors in the world since the beginning of the 1990s. More precisely, we ask whether countries are converging or diverging in terms of the number of medical doctors and whether migration perspective gives an incentive to undergo medical studies. Our econometrics results show that (i) countries experience a (conditional) convergence process in their long-run equilibrium in terms of medical doctors per capita; (ii) the emigration rate of medical doctors has a positive and significant impact on education decision in the poorest countries. Some counterfactual experiments reveal that some African countries can benefit from the departure of their medical workers if emigration rates but under very restrictive conditions on medical doctors’ emigration rates
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by CEPII research center in its journal International Economics/Economie Internationale.
Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 124 ()
Medical brain drain; International migration; Convergence;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
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- Frédéric DOCQUIER & Hillel RAPOPORT, 2011.
"Globalization, brain drain and development,"
Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales)
2011009, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Frederic Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Globalization, brain drain and development," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1108, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
- Docquier, Frédéric & Rapoport, Hillel, 2011. "Globalization, Brain Drain and Development," IZA Discussion Papers 5590, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Globalization, Brain Drain and Development," Working Papers 2011-18, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University.
- Capuano, Stella & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2013. "African brain drain and its impact on source countries: What do we know and what do we need to know?," MPRA Paper 47944, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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