Diaspora Externalities and Technology Diffusion
AbstractIn this paper, we analyze how skilled migration contributes to TFP growth in the sending countries when diaspora effects in technology diffusion are introduced. To investigate this issue, we start from a previous paper by Vandenbussche, Aghion and Meghir (2006), who examine the contribution of human capital to economic growth theoretically and empirically. By using a panel dataset covering 19 OECD countries between 1960 and 2000, they show that a marginal increase in the stock of skilled human capital contributes to productivity growth the closer a state is to the technological frontier. In this framework, we also consider the impact of a positive externality in the adoption sector from skilled migration. By using a panel dataset covering 92 countries, including both developed and developing nations, between 1980 and 2000, we reconfi rm Vandenbussche et al.’s findings. Additionally, we show that migration increases growth in areas far from the frontier.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.
Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): 115 ()
Economic growth; imitation; innovation; migration; brain drain; diaspora;
Other versions of this item:
- Elisabetta, LODIGIANI, 2008. "Diaspora Externalities and Technology Diffusion," Discussion Papers (ECON - DÃ©partement des Sciences Economiques), UniversitÃ© catholique de Louvain, DÃ©partement des Sciences Economiques 2008008, UniversitÃ© catholique de Louvain, DÃ©partement des Sciences Economiques.
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
- O40 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
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- Luca MARCHIORI & I-Ling SHEN & Frederic DOCQUIER, 2009. "Brain drain in globalization A general equilibrium analysis from the sending countriesâ€™ perspective," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2009013, UniversitÃ© catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Docquier, Frédéric & Marchiori, Luca & Shen, I-Ling, 2010. "Brain drain in globalization: A general equilibrium analysis from the sending countries’ perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 7682, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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- Bang, James T. & Mitra, Aniruddha, 2011. "Brain drain and institutions of governance: Educational attainment of immigrants to the US 1988-1998," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 335-354, September.
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