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Politiques de liberalisation financiere et crises bancaires

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  • Saoussen Ben Gamra
  • Dominique Plihon

Abstract

A partir des annees soixante-dix, les pays emergents se sont engages dans des politiques de liberalisation financiere en vue de favoriser la croissance. Or ces politiques peuvent avoir des effets defavorables sur la stabilite des systemes bancaires. L’hypothese centrale de cet article est que leur impact sur la stabilite du systeme bancaire depend largement des modalites de la liberalisation. L’analyse porte sur un echantillon de vingt-deux pays emergents au cours de la periode 1970-2002. Apres une revue de la litterature, cet article presente une typologie des politiques de liberalisation mises en oeuvre par ces pays. Ensuite, en utilisant la methode logit, il analyse l’influence sur les crises bancaires des politiques de liberalisation, differenciees selon le degre de liberalisation, l’ordre de priorite et le rythme de mise en place des reformes.

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File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/francgraph/publications/ecointern/rev112/rev112a.htm
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 112 ()
Pages: 5-28

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2007-4ta

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Related research

Keywords: Modeles de liberalisation financiere; crises bancaires; pays emergents;

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References

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  1. Michael Hutchison & Kathleen McDill, 1999. "Are All Banking Crises Alike? The Japanese Experience in International Comparison," NBER Working Papers 7253, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey, 1997. "Foreign Speculators and Emerging Equity Markets," NBER Working Papers 6312, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Oriana Bandiera & Gerard Caprio & Patrick Honohan & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2000. "Does Financial Reform Raise or Reduce Saving?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(2), pages 239-263, May.
  4. Andre Cartapanis, 2004. "Le declenchement des crises de change : qu'avons-nous appris depuis dix ans ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 97, pages 5-48.
  5. Graciela L. Kaminsky & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1996. "The twin crises: the causes of banking and balance-of-payments problems," International Finance Discussion Papers 544, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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  7. International Monetary Fund, 1998. "Leading Indicators of Banking Crises," IMF Working Papers 98/91, International Monetary Fund.
  8. A. Jbili, 1997. "Financial Sector Reforms in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia," IMF Working Papers 97/81, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Joshua Aizenman, 2002. "Financial Opening: Evidence and Policy Options," NBER Working Papers 8900, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. David Llewellyn, 2002. "An analysis of the causes of recent banking crises," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 152-175.
  11. Graciela Laura Kaminsky, 1999. "Currency and Banking Crises," IMF Working Papers 99/178, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Marco Rossi, 1999. "Financial Fragility and Economic Performance in Developing Economies," IMF Working Papers 99/66, International Monetary Fund.
  13. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Enrica Detragiache, 2000. "Does Deposit Insurance Increase Banking System Stability?," IMF Working Papers 00/3, International Monetary Fund.
  14. Michel Aglietta, 2003. "Le risque systémique dans la finance libéralisée," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 70(1), pages 33-50.
  15. Rudi Dornbusch, 2001. "A Primer on Emerging Market Crises," NBER Working Papers 8326, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Luis Miotti & Dominique Plihon, 2001. "Liberalisation financiere, speculation et crises bancaires," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 85, pages 3-36.
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