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L'environnement, nouvel obstacle au commerce de produits agricoles et alimentaires


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  • Lionel Fontagne
  • Mondher Mimouni


La prise en compte de l'environnement et des risques specifiques de nature biologique ou informationnelle qui y sont associes justifie la mise en place de mesures aux frontieres. Mais l'utilisation protectionniste de telles mesures est probable. En particulier, dans l'agriculture, l'environnement pourrait constituer le biais par lequel les mesures de protection non tarifaires, supprimees a l'issue de l'Uruguay Round, pourraient etre reintroduites. Afin de dissocier du protectionnisme ce qui releve de mesures justifiees, nous passons en revue les mesures environnementales appliquees dans les differents pays du monde, pour l'ensemble des 5000 produits du commerce international. Nous trouvons que 30% des 680 milliards de US$ d'importations mondiales effectivement touchees par des " mesures " environnementales concernent des produits agricoles. De facon inattendue, l'utilisation de ces mesures est plus fortement repandue parmi les principaux pays du groupe CAIRNS.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.

Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): 87 ()
Pages: 63-87

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2001-3tc

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Related research

Keywords: Protectionnisme; agriculture; environnement; normes; SPS; TBT;

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Cited by:
  1. Bureau, Jean-Christophe & Jean, Sebastien & Matthews, Alan, 2006. "The Consequences of Agricultural Trade Liberalization for Developing Countries," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25471, International Association of Agricultural Economists.


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