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Liberalisation financiere, speculation et crises bancaires

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  • Luis Miotti
  • Dominique Plihon

Abstract

Les crises bancaires sont une des manifestations les plus importantes de l'instabilite financiere contemporaine. En effet, les systemes bancaires des deux tiers des pays membres du FMI et de la plupart des pays emergents ont connu de graves dysfonctionnements au cours des deux dernieres decennies. D'importantes avancees (significatives) dans la comprehension de ces crises ont ete realisees grace a des travaux empiriques tres documentes, dont certains ont ete effectues par des economistes du FMI. Ces travaux montrent l'existence d'une relation entre les crises bancaires et financieres et les politiques de liberalisation financiere, souvent radicales, menees dans les pays emergents. Ils illustrent egalement le fait que les defaillances bancaires sont au centre des crises economiques et financieres recentes des pays emergents. La plupart de ces analyses, de nature principalement macroeconomique, mettent en avant deux series d'explications : d'une part, la liberalisation financiere rend les banques plus vulnerables aux chocs macroeconomiques et, d'autre part, la fragilite financiere de ces dernieres serait aggravee par l'insuffisance des dispositifs de supervision, particulierement patente dans les pays emergents.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.

Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): 85 ()
Pages: 3-36

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2001-1ta

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Cited by:
  1. Lacina Diarra, 2013. "Analyse de l'impact de la régulation sur la prise de risque par les banques," Post-Print dumas-00879876, HAL.
  2. Nacer Bernou & Marceline Grondin, 2001. "Réconciliation entre libéralisation financière et croissance économique dans un système fondé sur la banque," Post-Print halshs-00179981, HAL.
  3. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Mickaël Clévenot, 2006. "Libéralisation financière et crises bancaires dans les pays émergents," CEPN Working Papers hal-00188615, HAL.
  4. Carton, Christine & Ronquillo, Cely, 2008. "Determinantes del crecimiento económico e intermediación bancaria: un análisis empírico para países latinoamericanos
    [Determinants of economic growth and bank intermediation: empirical analysi
    ," MPRA Paper 15514, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2008.
  5. Andre Cartapanis, 2004. "Le declenchement des crises de change : qu'avons-nous appris depuis dix ans ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 97, pages 5-48.
  6. Arias, Guillaume & Erlandsson, Ulf, 2004. "Regime switching as an alternative early warning system of currency crises - an application to South-East Asia," Working Papers 2004:11, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  7. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Dominique Plihon, 2007. "Qualité Des Institutions, Libéralisation Et Crises Bancaires Le Cas Des Pays Émergents," CEPN Working Papers hal-00574136, HAL.
  8. Bastidon, Cécile & Gilles, Philippe & Huchet, Nicolas, 2008. "The international lender of last resort and selective bail-out," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 144-152, June.
  9. Taha Zaghdoudi, 2013. "Bank Failure Prediction with Logistic Regression," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 537-543.
  10. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Dominique Plihon, 2007. "Politiques de liberalisation financiere et crises bancaires," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 112, pages 5-28.

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