Inflation Dynamics in the Presence of Informal Labour Markets
AbstractWe analyze the effects of informal labor markets on the dynamics of inflation and on the transmission of aggregate demand and supply shocks. In doing so, we incorporate the informal sector in a modified New Keynesian model with labor market frictions as in the Diamond-Mortensen-Pissarides model. Our main results show that the informal economy generates a "buffer" effect that diminishes the pressure of demand shocks on inflation. Finding that is consistent with the empirical literature on the effects of informal labor markets in business cycle fluctuations. This result implies that in economies with large informal labor markets the interest rate channel of monetary policy is relatively weaker. Furthermore, the model produces cyclical flows from informal to formal employment consistent with the data.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Central Bank of Chile in its journal Economía Chilena.
Volume (Year): 15 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Other versions of this item:
- Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro, 2012. "Inflation Dynamics in the Presence of Informal Labour Markets," BIS Working Papers 372, Bank for International Settlements.
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