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Ist die Abschaffung der Entfernungspauschale ökonomisch sinnvoll?

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Author Info

  • Wolfram F. Richter
  • Peter Bareis
  • Matthias Wrede
  • Martin Gasche

Abstract

In der Diskussion um die Abschaffung von Steuervergünstigungen wird regelmäßig die Streichung bzw. die Reduzierung der Entfernungspauschale angeführt. Prof. Dr. Wolfram F. Richter, Universität Dortmund, verlangt in diesem Zusammenhang die generelle Überprüfung des Werbekostenbegriffs und des Kriteriums der beruflichen Veranlassung. Auch für Prof. Dr. Peter Bareis, Universität Stuttgart-Hohenheim, ist das derzeitige geltende Gesetz nicht sinnvoll: »Es sollte so geändert werden, wie dies ansatzweise bereits die Einkommensteuer-Kommission 1994 vorgeschlagen hatte, die eine Begrenzung auf die durchschnittlichen Kosten des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs vorgeschlagen hatte. Ergänzt werden sollte dies durch die Unterstellung einer etwa hälftigen privaten Veranlassung, ggf. sogar durch eine Degression der Abzugsbeträge in Abhängigkeit von der Entfernung.« Prof. Dr. Matthias Wrede, RWTH Aachen, plädiert ebenfalls für eine Kürzung der Entfernungspauschale, die seiner Meinung nach »effizient und gerecht« sei. Die Aufwendungen des Arbeitnehmers für Fahrten zwischen Wohnung und Arbeitsstätte sollten pauschal »zu einem unter den internen Grenzkosten liegenden Satz abgegolten werden«. Dagegen wendet sich Dr. Martin Gasche, Mitarbeiter im Stab des Sachverständigenrates, gegen eine weitere Reduktion oder gar eine Abschaffung der Entfernungspauschalen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 57 (2004)
Issue (Month): 05 (03)
Pages: 5-19

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:57:y:2004:i:05:p:5-19

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Related research

Keywords: Steuerbegünstigung; Wegekosten; Pendler; Öffentlicher Personennahverkehr; Einkommensteuer; Kosten;

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References

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  1. Wrede, Matthias, 2001. "Should Commuting Expenses Be Tax Deductible? A Welfare Analysis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 80-99, January.
  2. Matthias Wrede, 2000. "Tax Deductibility of Commuting Expenses and Leisures: On the Tax Treatment of Time-Saving Expenditure," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 57(2), pages 216-, March.
  3. Diamond, Peter A & Mirrlees, James A, 1971. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production: I--Production Efficiency," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 8-27, March.
  4. Matthias Wrede, 2003. "Tax Deductibility of Commuting Expenses and Residential Land Use with more than one Center," CESifo Working Paper Series 972, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Diamond, Peter A & Mirrlees, James A, 1971. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production II: Tax Rules," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(3), pages 261-78, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2011. "Income tax deduction of commuting expenses and tax funding in an urban CGE study: the case of German cities," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 02/11, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
  2. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "Income tax deduction of commuting expenses in an urban CGE study: The case of German cities," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 11-27.

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