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Rescuing Europe

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  • Hans-Werner Sinn

Abstract

After the recent global financial crisis several countries on the eurozone’s south-western periphery, in particular Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland, have faced severe difficulties involving the risk of sovereign debt defaults and a new banking crisis. Other EU countries, above all France, were indirectly affected by this crisis, and some eastern European countries are also endangered. Although the EU has tried to contain the euro crisis with extensive rescue operations that have turned the no-bail out philosophy of the Maastricht Treaty on its head, in summer 2010 the danger was not yet over. Obviously, the construction of the eurozone, in particular the rules of conduct for the participating countries, needs to be reconsidered. Yet the euro should not be given up. The euro itself is indispensible for Europe. During the financial crisis it has protected its members from internal exchange rate shocks, it has reduced the European transactions costs for trade, and it is a necessary ingredient of further European integration. Nevertheless, Hans-Werner Sinn argues that the euro has not been as beneficial for all European countries as has often been claimed. The euro has shifted Europe’s growth forces from the center to the periphery. It has not been particularly beneficial for Germany, for example, and because of a lack of proper private and public debt constraints, it has stimulated the periphery of Europe up to the point of overheating, with ultimately dangerous consequences for European cohesion. The current crisis has not put an end to this development. It has flipped a toggle switch that will shift the forces of growth back from the periphery to the center, although the EU rescue measures counteract this. Hans-Werner Sinn criticizes these measures because of the moral hazard effects they generate and proposes a new political design for a more prosperous and stable development of the eurozone.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/ZS/ZS-CESifo_Forum/zs-for-2010/zs-for-2010-s/Forum-Sonderheft-Aug-2010_0.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal CESifo Forum.

Volume (Year): 11 (2010)
Issue (Month): SPECIALISSUEAUGUST2010 (08)
Pages: 1-22

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifofor:v:11:y:2010:i:specialissueaugust2010:p:1-22

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Keywords: Finanzmarktkrise; Geldpolitik; EU-Stabilitätspakt; Euro; Eurozone; Europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion;

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Cited by:
  1. Otmar, Issing, 2011. "The crisis of European Monetary Union – Lessons to be drawn," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 737-749, September.
  2. Werding, Martin, 2011. "Demographie und öffentliche Haushalte: Simulationen zur langfristigen Tragfähigkeit der gesamtstaatlichen Finanzpolitik in Deutschland," Working Papers 03/2011, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
  3. Claudia M. Buch, 2012. "From the Stability Pact to ESM - What next?," IAW Discussion Papers 85, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  4. Fabian Lindner, 2012. "Saving does not finance Investment: Accounting as an indispensableguide to economic theory," IMK Working Paper 100-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  5. Martin Hellwig, 2011. "Quo vadis, Euroland? European Monetary Union between Crisis and Reform," Working Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2011_12, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
  6. Hans-Werner Sinn & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2012. "Target Balances and the German Financial Account in Light of the European Balance-of-Payments Crisis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4051, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Friedrich L. Sell & Beate Sauer, 2011. "Geld-, Kapitalmärkte und Wohlfahrt: Eine Wirkungsanalyse der Target2-Salden," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(16), pages 51-57, 09.
  8. Lars Calmfors & Giancarlo Corsetti & John Hassler & Gilles Saint-Paul & Hans-Werner Sinn & Jan-Egbert Sturm & Ákos Valentinyi & Xavier Vives, 2012. "Chapter 2: The European Balance-of-Payments Problem," EEAG Report on the European Economy, CESifo Group Munich, vol. 0, pages 57-82, 02.
  9. Gunther Schnabl & Stephan Freitag, 2012. "Reverse Causality in Global and Intra-European Imbalances," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(4), pages 674-690, 09.
  10. Martin Schütte, 2010. "Kriterien für eine Staatsinsolvenz," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(23), pages 16-19, December.
  11. Hans-Werner Sinn & Teresa Buchen & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2011. "Trade Imbalances – Causes, Consequences and Policy Measures: Ifo’s Statement for the Camdessus Commission," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(1), pages 47-58, 03.
  12. Karlhans Sauernheimer, 2011. "Greece: Bail-out Packages, Current Account and Foreign Debt," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(4), pages 37-43, December.
  13. Sell, Friedrich L. & Sauer, Beate, 2011. "A further view on current account, capital account and Target2 balances: Assessing the effect on capital structure and economic welfare," Working Papers in Economics 2011,2, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Economic Research Group.
  14. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso, 2012. "A Germans’ dilemma: save the euro or preserve their socio-economic model," Department of Economics Working Papers 1207, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
  15. Gunther Schnabl & Stephan Freitag, 2012. "Determinants of Global and Intra-European Imbalances," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 25-2011, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  16. Pietro Alessandrini & Michele Fratianni & Andrew Hughes Hallett & Andrea Filippo Presbitero, 2012. "External imbalances and financial fragility in the euro area," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 66, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
  17. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2013. "Die Target-Verluste im Fall des Auseinanderbrechens des Euro – Eine Replik auf De Grauwe und Ji," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(01), pages 14-24, 01.
  18. Andrew Hughes Hallett & Juan Carlos Martinez Oliva, 2013. "The Importance of Trade and Capital Imbalances in the European Debt Crisis," Working Paper Series WP13-1, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  19. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2013. "Austerity, Growth and Inflation. Remarks on the Eurozone's Unresolved Competitiveness Problem," CESifo Working Paper Series 4086, CESifo Group Munich.
  20. Bodo Herzog, 2011. "EMU at Crossroads," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(4), pages 23-29, December.
  21. Oliver Landmann, 2011. "On the Macroeconomics of European Divergence," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(2), pages 19-25, 07.
  22. Bruno Dallago & Chiara Guglielmetti, 2011. "The Eurozone Crisis: Institutional Setting, Structural Vulnerability, and Policies," Openloc Working Papers 1112, Public policies and local development.
  23. Friedrich L. Sell & Beate Sauer, 2012. "Money, Capital Markets and Welfare: An Analysis of the Effects of Target2 Balances," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(SPECIALIS), pages 55-62, 02.

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