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Zur Dauerhaftigkeit von Handelsbarrieren : Evidenz von der deutsch-deutschen Wiedervereinigung

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Author Info

  • Volker Nitsch
  • Nikolaus Wolf

Abstract

Mit dem Fall der Berliner Mauer verschwanden auch sämtliche administrativen Barrieren. Aus zwei zuvor getrennten Gebieten wurde quasi über Nacht ein Wirtschaftsraum. Die Ökonomen hatten dabei die nahezu einzigartige Möglichkeit, die Reaktion von Wirtschaftssystemen auf umfangreiche und unerwartete Veränderungen der Rahmenbedingungen zu untersuchen. In der aktuellen Untersuchung werden diese Erfahrungen speziell für den internationalen Handel angewendet. Aus den Ergebnissen lässt sich schließen, dass die weiterhin große Bedeutung politischer Grenzen für den Handel wohl nicht in erster Linie auf politisch intendierte Barrieren zurückzuführen ist, sondern vielmehr auf anderen, tieferen Einflussfaktoren basiert. Im Umkehrschluss deuten die Resultate darauf hin, dass der Einfluss politischer Eingriffe auf den Handel wohl beschränkt ist. Offensichtlich braucht es eine geraume Zeit, bevor politische Integration auch tatsächlich in eine entsprechend spürbare wirtschaftliche Integration mündet, da Netzwerke erst allmählich wachsen müssen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 05 (October)
Pages: 28-30

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:17:y:2010:i:05:p:28-30

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Related research

Keywords: Außenhandel; Regionale Konzentration; Wirtschaftsraum; Wirtschaftsordnung; Integration; Neue Bundesländer; Alte Bundesländer;

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References

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  1. Volker Nitsch & Nikolaus Wolf, 2009. "Tear Down this Wall: On the Persistence of Borders in Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 2847, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Stephen J. Redding & Daniel M. Sturm, 2008. "The Costs of Remoteness: Evidence from German Division and Reunification," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(5), pages 1766-97, December.
  3. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Udo Broll & Andreas Förster & Stephan Rudolph, 2010. "Die Handelskosten von Sachsen," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(06), pages 17-22, December.

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