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Strukturelle Ursachen des Einkommensrückstands Ostdeutschlands

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  • Joachim Ragnitz

    ()

Abstract

In der Öffentlichkeit wird zuweilen die Ansicht geäußert, der Abstand in den Verdienstmöglichkeiten zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland sei vor allem eine Folge unterschiedlicher Wirtschaftsstrukturen (wie der Dominanz kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen, des Fehlens von Unternehmenshauptsitzen oder auch einer ungünstigen Branchenstruktur). In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, dass Strukturunterschiede nur einen kleinen Teil der Einkommenslücke erklären können. Vielmehr resultiert diese aus einem insgesamt niedrigeren Lohn- und Gehaltsniveau. Freilich reflektiert dies auch die geringe Leistungskraft vieler Unternehmen; eine raschere Lohnangleichung ist insoweit nur tragfähig, wenn es gelingt, auch das durchschnittliche Produktivitätsniveau in Ostdeutschland deutlich zu erhöhen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 02 (04)
Pages: 17-23

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:17:y:2010:i:02:p:17-23

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Keywords: Regionale Wirtschaftsstruktur; Einkommen; Lohnniveau; Produktivität; Neue Bundesländer; Deutschland;

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References

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  1. Hartog,Joop & Maassen van den Brink,Henriëtte (ed.), 2007. "Human Capital," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521873161.
  2. Joachim Ragnitz, 2007. "Explaining the East German Productivity Gap � The Role of Human Capital," Kiel Working Papers 1310, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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Cited by:
  1. Michael Gühne & Gunther Markwardt, 2014. "Lohnunterschiede zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland: Neue Einsichten," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 21(03), pages 37-44, 06.
  2. Gunther Schnabl & Holger Zemanek, 2010. "Inter-temporal Savings, Current Account Dynamics and Asymmetric Shocks in a Heterogeneous European Monetary Union," CESifo Working Paper Series 3279, CESifo Group Munich.

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