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Auswirkungen des demographischen Wandels auf die kommunalen Ausgaben im Freistaat Sachsen

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  • Christian Thater

Abstract

Die Bevölkerung des Freistaates wird bis zum Jahr 2020 um etwa acht Prozent zurückgehen, wobei diese landesweite demographische Entwicklung in den Teilregionen Sachsens jedoch durchaus heterogen verläuft. Der demographische Wandel hat tiefgreifende Konsequenzen für die Einnahmen- wie auch die Ausgabenseite der kommunalen Haushalte. Durch den Einwohnerrückgang im Land werden in Zukunft den Kommunen insgesamt weniger Mittel zur Verfügung stehen, da die Einnahmen des Freistaates sehr stark an die Bevölkerungszahl gekoppelt sind. Dies kann auch auf der Ausgabenseite nicht ohne Folgen bleiben. Der vorliegende Beitrag widmet sich der Frage, ob es für die Kommunen überhaupt möglich ist, ihre Ausgaben im Gleichschritt mit der schrumpfenden Bevölkerung zu senken. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass in wichtigen Bereichen des öffentlichen Leistungsangebots Kostensenkungen sehr gut realisierbar sind.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

Volume (Year): 16 (2009)
Issue (Month): 05 (October)
Pages: 13-20

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:16:y:2009:i:05:p:13-20

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Keywords: Bevölkerungsentwicklung; Kommunale Ausgaben; Sachsen;

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References

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  1. Rexford E. Santerre, 1985. "Spatial Differences in the Demands for Local Public Goods," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 62(2), pages 119-128.
  2. Borcherding, Thomas E & Deacon, Robert T, 1972. "The Demand for the Services of Non-Federal Governments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 891-901, December.
  3. Bergstrom, Theodore C & Goodman, Robert P, 1973. "Private Demands for Public Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 280-96, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Joachim Ragnitz, 2010. "Berücksichtigung qualitativer Aspekte bei der Konsolidierung der öffentlichen Haushalte in Sachsen," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(04), pages 23-30, 08.
  2. Alexander Eck & Johannes Steinbrecher & Christian Thater, 2012. "Skaleneffekte in der Bereitstellung des kommunalen Angebotes sächsischer Gemeinden," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 19(03), pages 12-19, 06.
  3. Anna Montén & Joachim Ragnitz & Christian Thater & Birgit Friedrich & Felix John, 2010. "Öffentliche Abgaben als Belastungsfaktoren der Unternehmen : dargestellt am Beispiel der Region Leipzig ; Gutachten im Auftrag der Industrie- und Handelskammer (IHK) zu Leipzig," ifo Dresden Studien, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 56, October.

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