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Globalisierung und Arbeitsmärkte : welche Auswirkungen haben Standortverlagerungen für Deutschland?

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  • Tobias Seidel
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    Abstract

    Deutschland steckt in einer Umbruchphase. Der Trend zu Produktionsverlagerungen hat in den letzten Jahren in steigendem Maße auch mittelständische Unternehmen erfasst. Während die großen Konzerne auf Grund ihrer Ressourcen weltweit aktiv sein können, nutzen kleinere Firmen die osteuropäischen Nachbarländer, um international wettbewerbsfähig zu produzieren. Welche Konsequenzen hat dieser Abfluss von Kapital für die Arbeitnehmer in Deutschland? Die Integration der osteuropäischen Märkte in die Weltwirtschaft verspricht zwar insgesamt Wohlfahrtsgewinne. Jedoch gibt es innerhalb der Länder durchaus auch Verlierer: In Deutschland geraten durch die Konkurrenz aus Niedriglohnländern die Löhne unter Druck. In den Beitrittsländern passen sich die hohen Kapitalrenditen an das niedrigere Weltmarktniveau an. Der Beitrag zeigt auch, dass sich die Wohlfahrtsgewinne der Integration nur realisieren lassen, wenn die Märkte ausreichend flexibel durch Preisänderungen reagieren können.

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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/ZS/ZS-ifo_Dresden_berichtet/zs-drber-2004/ifodb_2004_5_23-28.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 05 (October)
    Pages: 23-28

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    Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:11:y:2004:i:05:p:23-28

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    Related research

    Keywords: Globalisierung; Arbeitsmarkt; Standortwahl; Standortpolitik; Deutschland;

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    References

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    1. Franz, Wolfgang & Konig, Heinz, 1986. "The Nature and Causes of Unemployment in the Federal Republic of Germany since the 1970s: An Empirical Investigation," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(210(S)), pages S219-44, Supplemen.
    2. Marin, Dalia, 2004. "A Nation of Poets and Thinkers - Less so with Eastern Enlargement? Austria and Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 4358, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Brecher, Richard A, 1974. "Minimum Wage Rates and the Pure Theory of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 88(1), pages 98-116, February.
    4. Wolfgang Franz, 1999. "Arbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland und Möglichkeiten ihrer Überwindung: Eine Bestandsaufnahme und Analyse aus der Sicht der wirtschaftspolitischen Beratung," Empirica, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 151-167, June.
    5. repec:ces:ifosdt:v::y:2002:i::p:03-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Hans-Werner Sinn & Christian Holzner & Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel & Martin Werding, 2002. "Aktivierende Sozialhilfe - Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung und Wachstum," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(09), pages 03-52, 05.
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    Cited by:
    1. Sascha O. Becker & Robert Jäckle & Marc-Andreas Mündler, 2005. "Kehren deutsche Firmen ihrer Heimat den Rücken? - Ausländische Direktinvestitionen deutscher Unternehmen," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(01), pages 23-33, 01.

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