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La propriété intellectuelle dans les biotechnologies agricoles : quels enjeux pour quelles perspectives ?


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  • Michel Trommetter


Within the framework of agricultural biotechnologies, there was an evolution of the intellectual property rights: the implementation of the patents on living organism, the evolution of the legislation on the Plant breeder?s right from the Union for the Protection of plant varieties, or the implementation of intellectual property rights at a world level within the framework of Trips agreements (Article 27/3 B.) of WTO. In this context of evolutionary intellectual property rights, the markets of the agricultural genetic resources are based on goods and services related to the management of agro biodiversity. The markets related to the genetic resources will depend on the way in which the actors will jointly reach: technologies; biological and genetic material; information and knowledge as well on the material as on technologies; agricultural markets that it is on a local, national, regional or world level. This is why in this paper we will analyze, whatever the statute of the genetic resources is, the conditions of access to the biological materials, the innovations and the markets and their consequences on the activities of research and development in the field of agricultural biotechnologies. JEL code ? L51, L65, L73, L88, 034.

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Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique.

Volume (Year): XLV (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 37-48

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_454_0037

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  1. Richard Gilbert & Carl Shapiro, 1990. "Optimal Patent Length and Breadth," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 106-112, Spring.
  2. Denicolo, Vincenzo, 1996. "Patent Races and Optimal Patent Breadth and Length," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 249-65, September.
  3. Shapiro, Carl, 2000. "Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licenses, Patent Pools, and Standard-Setting," Competition Policy Center, Working Paper Series qt4hs5s9wk, Competition Policy Center, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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