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Les inégalités salariales de genre : expliquer l'injustifiable ou justifier l'inexplicable

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Author Info

  • Danièle Meulders
  • Robert Plasman
  • François Rycx

Abstract

In 2001 the gender wage gap in the European union was lying between 6 % and 21 % (ECHP, full-timers). Gender wage gap clearly appears as the core of the inequalities between men and women on the labor market. Using recent results from a research program on the gender wage gap, we show that the large impact of the sectoral and occupational factors in explaining the gender wage gap are not mainly due to differences in characteristics of men and women in employment. We also show that testing the job sharing theory is giving different results for men and women and that the particularities of the industrial relations system largely contribute to explain the size and the national differences in the gender wage gap. The article also stresses the fact that mainstream economic theory remains unable to explain what is usually called the explained part of the gender wage gap as well as the unexplained part.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique.

Volume (Year): XLIV (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 95-107

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_442_0095

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-reflets-et-perspectives-de-la-vie-economique.htm

Related research

Keywords: Gender wage gap; feminist economics; human capital; segregation; wage equations;

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References

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  1. Danièle Meulders & Robert Plasman, 2003. "Approche féministe de l'économie," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7702, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Robert Plasman & Salimata Sissoko Ndeye, 2005. "Comparing apples with oranges: revisiting the gender wage gap in an international perspective," DULBEA Working Papers 05-12.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Brenda Gannon & Robert Plasman & Francois Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2007. "Inter-Industry Wage Differentials and the Gender Wage Gap: Evidence from European Countries," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 38(1), pages 135-155.
  4. Benoît Mahy & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2006. "Gender pay differentials: cross-national evidence from micro-data," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7836, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "Gender Differences in Pay," NBER Working Papers 7732, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Danièle Meulders & François Rycx & Robert Plasman, 2004. "Earnings inequalities: gender, race and sexual orientation," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7720, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  7. Maarten Goos & Jozef Konings, 2000. "Does Rent-Sharing Exist in Belgium? an Empirical Analysis Using Firm Level Data," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0019, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  8. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1992. "The Gender Earnings Gap: Learning from International Comparisons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 533-38, May.
  9. Ilan Tojerow & François Rycx, 2002. "Inter-industry wage differentials and the gender wage gap in Belgium," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 119-141.
  10. Anne Plasman & Robert Plasman & Michael Rusinek, 2002. "L'évolution de l'écart salarial de genre dans l'Union européenne," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 41-69.
  11. François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow & Robert Plasman, 2004. "Rent sharing and the gender wage gap in Belgium," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/785, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  12. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 1994. "International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces," NBER Working Papers 4678, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Danièle Meulders & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2002. "Gender wage gaps: a European perspective," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 3-10.
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