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Allégements de charges sociales : une mesure à promouvoir mais à réformer

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  • Bart Cockx
  • Henri Sneessens
  • Bruno Van der linden

Abstract

This paper compares the effects of three policies that aim at fighting the low-skill unemployment problem in Belgium: reductions in employers?social security contributions, hiring subsidies and in-work benefits. From evaluation studies and our analysis of the causes of unemployment in Belgium, we recommend the use of reductions in employers?social security contributions and argue that they should be more targeted on low-paid jobs than they currently are. We propose a crude evaluation of the impact of such a reform and put this proposal in the broader context of labour market policy reforms in Belgium.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique.

Volume (Year): XLIII (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 55-68

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_431_0055

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-reflets-et-perspectives-de-la-vie-economique.htm

Related research

Keywords: Unemployment; low-skill; payroll taxes; social security contributions; la- bour market policy;

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References

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  1. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  2. Gerfin, Michael & Lechner, Michael & Stieger, Heidi, 2002. "Does Subsidized Temporary Employment Get the Unemployed Back to Work? An Econometric Analysis of Two Different Schemes," CEPR Discussion Papers 3669, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Erwin Ooghe & Erik Schokkaert & Jef Flechet, 2003. "The Incidence of Social Security Contributions: An Empirical Analysis," Empirica, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 81-106, June.
  4. Bolvig, Iben & Jensen, Peter & Rosholm, Michael, 2003. "The Employment Effects of Active Social Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. A. Van Poeck & J. Vanneste & Philip Du Caju, 1998. "Leidt een vermindering van bijdragen van Sociale Zekerheid tot meer werkgelegenheid in België?," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 157, pages 35-63.
  6. Calmfors, Lars & Forslund, Anders & Hemström, Maria, 2002. "Does active labour market policy work? Lessons from the Swedish experiences," Working Paper Series 2002:4, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  7. Blundell, Richard & Meghir, Costas, 2002. "Active labour market policy vs employment tax credits: lessons from recent UK reforms," Working Paper Series 2002:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  8. Koen Burggraeve & Philip Du Caju, 2003. "The labour market and fiscal impact of labour reductions: the case of reduction of employers' social security contributions under a wage norm regime with automatic price indexing of wages," Working Paper Research 36, National Bank of Belgium.
  9. Rafael Lalive & Jan C. van Ours & Josef Zweimueller, . "The Impact of Active Labor Market Programs on the Duration of Unemployment," IEW - Working Papers 041, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  10. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
  11. Orszag, J. Michael & Snower, Dennis J., 2003. "Designing employment subsidies," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 557-572, October.
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