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L'interaction entre usage du sol et comportements de mobilité. Méthodologie et application a l'aire urbaine de Bordeaux

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  • Guillaume Pouyanne

Abstract

The influence of land use on daily mobility patterns can be described by the two dimensions of urban form : the first is quantitative, that is density, and the second is qualitative, that is land use mix. Empirical studies usually add control variables such as socio-demographic characteristics. They suppose that urban form factors and socio-demographic factors have a separate influence on travel patterns. In this paper, we first show the possibility of a causal relationship between urban form and socio-demographic characteristics. Thus previous results, which suppose that these two kinds of factors are separated, may be biased. As a consequence we provide a new, more complex conceptual framework, which is called the « triangular relationship ». It implies specific econometric methods to test the motives of mobility : typological regressions are used for an application on the metropolitan area of Bordeaux. First results show how relevant this method is for the study of the interactions between land use and travel patterns. JEL classification : R12, R14, R41

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine.

Volume (Year): décembre (2005)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 723-746

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_055_0723

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-regionale-et-urbaine.htm

Related research

Keywords: compact city; urban density; urban form; mobility; land use patterns;

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Cited by:
  1. André MEUNIE (GREThA) & Guillaume POUYANNE (GREThA), 2007. "Is there an Environmental Urban Kuznets Curve? The case of polluting emissions due to daily mobility in 37 cities. (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2007-04, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  2. POUYANNE Guillaume (IERSO-IFReDE-GRES), 2006. "Urban Sprawl and Spatial Segregation. A review (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2006-07, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  3. Guillaume Pouyanne, 2005. "Land Use mix and Daily Mobility - the Case of Bordeaux, France," ERSA conference papers ersa05p84, European Regional Science Association.

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