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La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995

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  • Julie Le Gallo

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the dynamics of regional disparities in the European Union over the period from 1980-1995, based on a sample of 138 regions. First, the evolution of the form of the per capita GDP distribution is characterized by a test of ?-convergence and by means of non-parametric estimations of density functions. Second, the growth process is modeled as a first-order stationary Markov chain. Third, the influence of the geographical environment is analysed by estimating a spatial Markov chain. The results of the analysis indicate the persistence of regional disparities, a progressive bias towards a poverty trap, and the importance of geography in the convergence process. Classification JEL : C14, O52, R11, R15.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine.

Volume (Year): octobre (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 491-512

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_044_0491

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Keywords: convergence; regional disparities; spatial autocorrelation; markov chains;

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