Politiques macroéconomiques et réformes structurelles : Bilan et perspectives de la gouvernance économique au sein de l'Union Européenne
AbstractThe run up to the euro has been characterized by soft growth especially in the largest countries of the zone. This disappointing performance is often imputed to the insufficient extent of structural reforms in labour and product markets. The ECB conduct of monetary policy, and the Stability and Growth Pact, would on the other hand have no negative role in the growth performance of euro zone countries. The financial crisis while calling for a temporary softening of the constraints (notably on fiscal policy), would also confirm that monetary policy was more virtuous in the euro zone than in the United States. This article proposes a radically different interpretation. We argue that soft growth is the consequence of restrictive macroeconomic policies. These are not linked to the existence of the euro per se, that in fact has helped growth by minimizing monetary perturbations, but rather to the political compromise that led to the current institutions for the economic government of Europe. This compromise imposed rules for monetary and fiscal neutrality while pushing for structural reforms whose main objective was to impose a new norm on the distribution of wealth. Putting in place the appropriate policies for growth requires rethinking this norm, and the financial crisis may be an opportunity to do so.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Dalloz in its journal Revue d'économie politique.
Volume (Year): Volume 120 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-politique.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Paul Fitoussi & Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2010. "Politiques Macroeconomiques et Reformes Structurelles: Bilan et Perspectives de la Gouvernance Economique au sein de l'Union Européenne," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2010-07, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
- E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
- E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
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