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La présence syndicale réduit-elle la discrimination salariale à l'encontre des femmes ? Un examen sur l'année 2002

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  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Pascale Petit

Abstract

The Roudy [1983] and Génisson [2001] Acts on gender discrimination should reduce progressively the wage discrimination against women. We perform a study on year 2002 which allows seeing whether the situation has been changing over the decade 1992-2002. We examine both the regular hourly wage and the total hourly wage which includes overtime payments and bonuses. We find two main results. First considering the regular wage we find that the presence of union representatives reduces wage discrimination for executive women but would increase it for blue-collar women Second, considering the total wage, we find that the presence of union representatives tends to increase the wage discrimination against women.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Dalloz in its journal Revue d'économie politique.

Volume (Year): Volume 119 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 401-450

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Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_193_0401

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-politique.htm

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Keywords: wage gap ; wage discrimination ; labour union;

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References

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  1. Main, Brian G M & Reilly, Barry, 1992. "Women and the Union Wage Gap," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(410), pages 49-66, January.
  2. Dominique Meurs & Sophie Ponthieux, 2000. "Une mesure de la discrimination dans l'écart de salaire entre hommes et femmes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 337(1), pages 135-158.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  4. Marie Leclair & Pascale Petit, 2004. "Présence syndicale dans les établissements : quel effet sur les salaires masculins et féminins ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 371(1), pages 23-47.
  5. Bruno Crépon & Nicolas Deniau & Sébastien Pérez-Duarte, 2003. "Wages, Productivity and Worker Characteristics : A French Perspective," Working Papers 2003-04, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  6. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra, 1998. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 261-94, April.
  7. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  8. Denise J. Doiron & W. Craig Riddell, 1994. "The Impact of Unionization on Male-Female Earnings Differences in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 504-534.
  9. Sap, Jolande, 1993. "Bargaining power and wages : A game-theoretic model of gender differences in union wage bargaining," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 25-48, June.
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