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Mesures et tests de convergence : une revue de la littérature

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  • Catherine Fuss

Abstract

[eng] Convergence measures and tests : a survey of the literature Catherine Fuss The paper surveys commonly used convergence tests. It gives different definitions of convergence, a distinction is made between series which are converging and series which have converged, and between series which have converged up to a constant and series which tend to be equal. Panel analysis tests for global convergence of the entire set of series towards the same level. The analysis of the evolution of the distri- bution is a very flexible method ; and allows to detect « convergence clubs ». Time series methods are well-suited to the analysis of convergence of small number of series. Different procedures are able to capture a large number of convergence patterns, take into account the dynamics of the series and the dynamics of the convergence process. In sum, different tests provide the analyst with complementary methods, whose usage depends, however, on the data characteristics. JEL Codes : B41; C52 [fre] De nombreuses questions économiques font référence au concept de convergence, qu'il s'agisse par exemple, de l'intégration économique, ou du thème du développement. Différentes définitions de convergence peuvent être utilisées, distinguant les séries convergentes des séries ayant convergé, les séries convergeant à une constante près de celles tendant à l'égalité. Différentes procédures de test sont la disposition de l'analyste. Les analyses en panel et en coupe testent la convergence globale de l'échantillon vers le même niveau. L'analyse de l'évolution de la distribution offre une grande souplesse et permet de détecter des « clubs de convergence ». Les méthodes de séries chronologiques sont adaptées à l'analyse de la convergence d'un petit nombre de séries. Différentes procédures permettent de prendre en compte un grand nombre de schémas de convergence, de tenir compte de la dynamique des séries et de la dynamique du processus de convergence

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 69 (1999)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 221-249

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1999_69n1_0221

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Cited by:
  1. Fayolle,J. & Lecuyer,A., 2000. "Regional growth, national membership and European structural funds : an empirical appraisal," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2000-02, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  2. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2010. "Réduction de Droits de Douane et Convergence Réelle dans l'UEMOA
    [Tariffs Reduction and Real Convergence in WAEMU]
    ," MPRA Paper 26763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Sébastien BOURDIN, 2013. "Une Mesure Spatiale Locale De La Sigma-Convergence Pour Evaluer Les Disparites Regionales Dans L’Union Europeenne," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 179-196.
  4. Fernando Ruiz, 2006. "Convergence de l'impôt sur les sociétés dans l’Union européenne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 173(2), pages 79-96.
  5. Teheni EL GHAK & Hajer ZARROUK, 2010. "Développement Financier Et Écarts De Revenus Des Pays : Une Analyse Empirique Sur Données De Panel," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 32, pages 59-90.
  6. Céline Gimet, 2007. "Conditions necessary for the sustainability of an emerging area: the importance of banking and financial regional criteria," Post-Print halshs-00356066, HAL.
  7. De Bandt, Olivier & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, 2000. "Convergence of fiscal policies in the euro area," Working Paper Series 0020, European Central Bank.
  8. Bourdin, Sebastien & Elissalde, Bernard & Langlois, Patrice & Goya, Dominique, 2011. "Une approche prospective de la configuration des disparités économiques régionales au sein de l'Union européenne par la modélisation et la simulation
    [A forward-looking approach of the configu
    ," MPRA Paper 41307, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.

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