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Pour une réforme du financement de la Sécurité sociale


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  • Henri Sterdyniak
  • Pierre Villa
  • Département analyse


[eng] The case for reform of the social security financing in France Henri Sterdyniak and Pierre Villa In order to reduce the social contributions paid by labour income and to favour employment without reducing the level of social benefits, France needs a reform of social security financing. All universal or solidarity benefits must be financed by a tax based on ail households or firms incomes. Employées' contributions have already been replaced by an universal proportional tax. As regards employers' contributions, two projects have been suggested. A reduction of contributions on all wages compensated by a tax on capital income could induce firms to use more labour and less capital. A progressive contribution could reduce non-qualified salaries unemployment. According to macro econometric keynesian models, the first reform could increase the level of employment by 600 000 but according to general equilibrium models, the impact would be nil on employment and négative on GDP. [fre] La réforme du financement de la Sécurité sociale est nécessaire en France. Elle devrait favoriser l'emploi en diminuant le poids des prélèvements portant sur le travail. Elle rendrait plus logique notre structure fiscale en faisant financer l'ensemble des prestations universelles ou de solidarité par des impôts assis sur tous les revenus des ménages ou des entreprises, et non plus par des cotisations assises spécifiquement sur les revenus d'activité. Pour réduire le poids des charges sociales, certains préconisent une forte baisse des dépenses de protection sociale. Depuis 1983, les problèmes récurrents de financement de la Sécurité sociale s'expliquent par la mollesse de la croissance et non par une dérive des dépenses. Il n'existe pas de réforme miracle qui permettrait de faire rapidement des économies importantes, sans frapper certaines couches de la population. La réforme devrait distinguer les impôts et les cotisations sociales, seules ces dernières ouvrant d

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 67 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 155-205

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_p1998_67n1_0155

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  1. Fitoussi, Jean-Paul, 1994. "Wage Distribution and Unemployment: The French Experience," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 59-64, May.
  2. Frédéric Lerais & Jean Le Dem, 1990. "Où va la productivité du travail ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 237(1), pages 49-67.
  3. Henri Sterdyniak, 1995. "Vers une réforme fiscale en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(1), pages 107-145.
  4. Jean-Pierre Laffargue, 1996. "Fiscalité, charges sociales, qualifications et emploi," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 125(4), pages 87-105.
  5. Henri R. SNEESSENS & Fatemeh SHADMAN-MEHTA, 1995. "Real Wages, Skill Mismatch and Unemployment Persistence (FRANCE, 1962-1989)," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 37-38, pages 255-292.
  6. Brigitte Dormont, 1997. "L'influence du coût salarial sur la demande de travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 301(1), pages 95-109.
  7. Hervé Le & Henri Sterdyniak, 1998. "Courbe de Phillips et modèle WS-PS. Quelques réflexions," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 937-948.
  8. Pierre Villa & Henri Sterdyniak & Patrick Artus, 1980. "Investissement, emploi et fiscalité," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 127(1), pages 115-127.
  9. Daniel Cohen & Arnaud Lefranc & Gilles Saint-Paul, 1997. "French unemployment: a transatlantic perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 12(25), pages 265-292, October.
  10. Henri Sterdyniak & Pierre Villa, 1984. "Faut-il substituer de la TVA aux cotisations sociales des employeurs ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 6(1), pages 93-101.
  11. Béatrice Van Haeperen, 1996. "Incidences du mode de prélèvement des cotisations sociales," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 125(4), pages 51-60.
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Cited by:
  1. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2005. "Face aux délocalisations, quelle politique économique en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 94(3), pages 161-192.
  2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1823 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Henri Sterdyniak, 2003. "Les réformes fiscales en Europe, 1992-2002," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 87(4), pages 337-407.
  4. Jacques Le Cacheux & Henri Sterdyniak & Gaël Dupont & Vincent Touzé, 2000. "La réforme fiscale en France : bilan et perspectives," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 183-242.
  5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5271 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5283 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3kup1vc9l5689g62n is not listed on IDEAS
  8. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2092 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Henri Sterdyniak, 2002. "Une arme miracle contre le chômage ? Fiche de lecture sur 'Une nouvelle évaluation des effets des allègements de charges sociales sur les bas salaires'," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5271, Sciences Po.
  10. Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Compétitivité, le choc illusoire... Faut-il réformer le financement de la protection sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3ku, Sciences Po.


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