Le chômage des jeunes en France : un état des lieux
Abstract[eng] Over the last twenty years, youth unemployment has become a major issue of the French labour market situation. It explains the increasing public intervention in the labour market targeted to the youths. This article tries to shed some light on two main aspects of the youth labour market situation : the impact of the minimum wage on the youth (un)employment and the adequacy of the qualification acquired at school to the needs of firms. It compares also their situation to the adults' one. Overall, we have not found sharp specificities of youth unemployment compared to the adult one : more precisely, the economic activity is one of the most important determinants of both youth and adult unemployment. Moreover, our results suggest no evidence on the effect of the minimum wage on youth unemployment over the period. Finally, education problems (skill mismatch, training unrelated to subsequent employment, etc.) are emphasized by jobs shortage, so that the least qualified youths are Â« queuing for jobs Â» at the bottom of the file. [fre] En France, au cours des vingt derniÃ¨res annÃ©es, la lutte contre le chÃ´mage des jeunes est devenue un des objectifs prioritaires de tous les gouvernements. En effet, le taux de chÃ´mage des jeunes est rarement passÃ© en dessous de 20 % depuis 1983. Cependant, cette situation n'est pas spÃ©cifiquement franÃ§aise ; l'Italie et l'Espagne connaissent, eux aussi, un taux de chÃ´mage des jeunes Ã©levÃ©. La persistance d'un taux de chÃ´mage des jeunes Ã©levÃ© en France est d'autant plus Ã©tonnante que les facteurs dÃ©mographiques et Ð allongement de la scolaritÃ© auraient dÃ» contribuer Ã faciliter l'insertion des jeunes actifs sur le marchÃ© du travail. Le chÃ´mage semble Ãªtre alors un passage obligÃ© pour les jeunes dans un contexte Ã©conomique dÃ©favorable. Face Ã ces problÃ¨mes, le dÃ©bat sur le chÃ´mage des jeunes a portÃ© sur le coÃ»t de travail et l'adÃ©quation des formations aux emplois. L'examen de ces deux points se fait avec
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.
Volume (Year): n° 62 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Sandrine Cazes & Catherine Bruno, 1997. "Le chômage des jeunes en France : un état des lieux," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 62(1), pages 75-107.
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- Eric Maurin & Theodora Xenogiani, 2007.
"Demand for Education and Labor Market Outcomes: Lessons from the Abolition of Compulsory Conscription in France,"
Journal of Human Resources,
University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(4).
- Maurin, Eric & Xenogiani, Theodora, 2005. "Demand for Education and Labour Market Outcomes: Lessons from the Abolition of Compulsory Conscription in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 4946, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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