Le marché du travail en Europe
Abstract[eng] Labour Markets in Europe Are European labour markets converging? A number of long-run national labour market trends are very similar: high levels of unemployment since the first oil schock; a steady increase of the number of women and white collar-workers engaged in the labour force; a steady decrease of the unionization rate; etc. However, labour mobility between European countries is still very low and is unlikely to increase. In the future, the integration of European goods and capital markets, combined with the segmentation of national labour markets, could lead to a concentration of unemployment in the weakest regions. Specific action will be needed to overcome regional disequilibrium. [fre] Peut-on parler en 1992 d'un marchÃ© du travail europÃ©en ?Les Ã©volutions de longue pÃ©riode font apparaÃ®tre des similitudes importantes : dÃ©veloppement d'un fort chÃ´mage structurel depuis le premier choc pÃ©trolier, fÃ©minisation et tertiarisation de la population active, recul de la syndicalisation, .... Toutefois, la mobilitÃ© de la main-d'Åuvre entre les pays de la CommunautÃ© reste trÃ¨s faible. Pour l'avenir, l'intÃ©gration de plus en plus poussÃ©e des marchÃ©s des biens et du capital, associÃ©e au maintien du cloisonnement des marchÃ©s nationaux est un facteur de polarisation du chÃ´mage dans les rÃ©gions les plus fragiles. Une action volontaire visant Ã rÃ©duire les dÃ©sÃ©quilibres rÃ©gionaux qui pourraient se dÃ©velopper, est sans doute indispensable Ã long terme.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.
Volume (Year): n° 43 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm
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