De la désétatisation en Europe de l'Est
Abstract[fre] Cet article traite de certaines questions liÃ©es Ã la transition des Ã©conomies de l'Est vers des systÃ¨mes Â« de marchÃ© Â». AprÃ¨s un bref aperÃ§u historique oÃ¹ nous mentionnons les tentatives de rÃ©formes partielles engagÃ©es dans les annÃ©es quatre-vingt en Pologne et en Hongrie, et aprÃ¨s avoir Ã©voquÃ© certains arguments thÃ©oriques en faveur de la privatisation, nous cherchons Ã dÃ©gager ce qui nous semble Ãªtre des contraintes majeures aux processus de privatisation dans le contexte particulier des pays de l'Europe de l'Est. Ces contraintes sont de nature tant Ã©conomique, que culturelle et politique. La contribution principale de cet article est de proposer et discuter diffÃ©rentes solutions permettant de transfÃ©rer de faÃ§on effective la propriÃ©tÃ© et/ou le contrÃ´le des entreprises et secteurs d'Ãtat. [eng] This paper discusses some of the issues raised by the institutional reforms (including the privatisation of State-owned enterprises) envisaged in Eastern Europe. We first briefly refer to the historical context in which these reforms are taking place, and mention the limits of the previous trend of microeconomic reforms implemented in the 1980's in countries like Poland or Hungary. We then present a quick (and incomplete) overview of the theoretical debate on privatisation among Western economists, before pointing out several contraints that might affect both the nature and the timing of the privatisation process in Eastern Europe. The main contribution of this paper consists however in suggesting and discussing different alternatives for transferring property rights and/or control rights away from central planners to decentralized decision-makers.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.
Volume (Year): n° 34 (1990)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm
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