Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?
AbstractIn the context of a still high unemployment rate, the recurring debate around the Social security deficits calls for an enlargement of the way growing needs could be financed. A solution that has recently been contemplated would lie in the introduction of a new contribution on the value-added that would be balanced by a reduction of social security taxes. The aim of this paper is to put this proposal under scrutiny and to assess its feasibility. We first estimate factors demand and use the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital to calibrate macrosimulations on the French economy. The results indicate that the reform would be favourable to employment. We then focus on transfers between capitalistic and labor-intensive firms and show that it would not be particularly damaging for export firms. JEL Codes: H22, I18, E60, J20.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.
Volume (Year): 100 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Xavier Timbeau & Christophe Blot & Eric Heyer & Mathieu Plane, 2006. "Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2006-21, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
- H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
- J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
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- Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Compétitivité, le choc illusoire... Faut-il réformer le financement de la protection sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3ku, Sciences Po.
- Mireille Elbaum, 2011. "Le financement de la protection sociale : quelles perspectives au-delà des solutions miracles," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2011-27, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
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