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R&D Organization: Cooperation or Cross-Licensing?

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  • Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin
  • Rim Lahmandi-Ayed

Abstract

Under the Cross-Licensing system (CL), firms are allowed to trade non cooperatively the results of R&D efforts, and compete in the innovation and production stages. First, the paper proposes a simple modeling of this system. Second, a relevant comparison is made with the Cartelized Research Joint Venture (RJV), the form of R&D cooperation recognized to be the best one. We prove that the Cross-Licensing system may be socially better than the Cartelized RJV. In terms of antitrust policy, for firms, the most favorable collusion mode is Joint Exploitation. We prove that firms are equally tempted by this mode, whether they are under CL or under Cartelized RJV.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

Volume (Year): 77 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 31-52

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_771_0031

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-recherches-economiques-de-louvain.htm

Related research

Keywords: Cross-Licensing; R&D cooperation; Cartelized Research Joint Venture; R&D spillovers; Efficiency; Antitrust policy;

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References

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  1. Fauli-Oller, Ramon & Sandonis, Joel, 2003. "To merge or to license: implications for competition policy," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 655-672, May.
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  4. Jay Pil Choi, 1999. "A Dynamic Analysis of Licensing: The "Boomerang" Effect and Grant-Back Clauses," Working Paper Series no16, Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University.
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  7. Nagaoka, Sadao & Kwon, Hyeog Ug, 2006. "The incidence of cross-licensing: A theory and new evidence on the firm and contract level determinants," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1347-1361, November.
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  12. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1986. "How to License Intangible Property," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(3), pages 567-89, August.
  13. Arora, Ashish & Fosfuri, Andrea, 2003. "Licensing the market for technology," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 277-295, October.
  14. Stamatopoulos, Giorgos & Tauman, Yair, 2008. "Licensing of a quality-improving innovation," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 410-438, November.
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  16. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Shyama Ramani, 2005. "Does trust matter for R&D cooperation? A game theoretic examination," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 143-180, 03.
  17. AMIR, Rabah & NANNERUP, Niels & STEPANOVA, Anna & EGUIAZAROVA, Elina, 2001. "Monopoly versus R&D-integrated duopoly," CORE Discussion Papers 2001051, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  18. Antonio Tesoriere, 2008. "A Further Note on Endogenous Spillovers in a Non-tournament R&D Duopoly," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 177-184, September.
  19. Hans Gersbach & Armin Schmutzler, 1999. "Endogenous Spillovers and Incentives to Innovate," SOI - Working Papers 9902, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
  20. Mukesh Eswaran, 1994. "Cross-Licensing of Competing Patents as a Facilitating Device," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(3), pages 689-708, August.
  21. Kamien, Morton I & Tauman, Yair, 1986. "Fees versus Royalties and the Private Value of a Patent," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(3), pages 471-91, August.
  22. Pastor, Maite & Sandonis, Joel, 2002. "Research joint ventures vs. cross licensing agreements: an agency approach," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 215-249, February.
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