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M. Tout-le-monde est "post-welfariste". Opinions sur la justice redistributive


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  • Erik Schokkaert


[fre] M. Tout-le-monde est « post-welfariste ». Opinions sur la justice redistributive. . On synthétise quelques résultats empiriques qui montrent que les opinions populaires à propos de la recherche redistributive sont fortement opposées aux hypothèses de l'économie du bien-être traditionnelle. On se concentre sur les résultats relatifs au « welfarisme » et au principe des transferts de Pigou-Dalton et l'on montre que les récents développements en théorie du choix social sont bien plus en accord avec les résultats empiriques. Une meilleure compréhension de la complémentarité entre l'approche théorique et l'approche empirique pourrait dé­boucher sur un débat fécond et une prise de conscience des biais existant dans l'analyse économique. [eng] Mr. Fairmind is post-welfarist: opinions on distributive justice. . I survey the results of empirical research, showing that the opinions about distributive justice of the population at large are in sharp conflict with the assumptions of traditional welfare economics. I focus on the results concerning welfarism and concerning the Pigou-Dalton transfer principle. At the same time, I show that recent developments in social choice theory are much more in line with the empirical findings. This suggests that a better understanding of the complementarity between empirical and theoretical work might lead to a richer debate and to a greater awareness of the possible biases in the economic approach.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 50 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 811-831

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1999_50n4_0811

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Cited by:
  1. Alain Trannoy & Michel Martinez & Cyrille Hagneré & Marc Fleurbaey, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
  2. Kristof Bosmans & Erik Schokkaert, 2009. "Equality preference in the claims problem: a questionnaire study of cuts in earnings and pensions," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 533-557, November.
  3. Benoît Tarroux, 2012. "Appraising two-Dimensional Inequality: A Questionnaire-Experimental Approach," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201216, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  4. Lars Schwettmann, 2012. "Competing allocation principles: time for compromise?," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 73(3), pages 357-380, September.
  5. Mongin, Philippe, 2005. "Value judgments and value neutrality in economics," MPRA Paper 37751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Lars Schwettmann, 2012. "Marc Fleurbaey: fairness, responsibility, and welfare," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 181-185, January.


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