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Le biais technologique : une analyse économétrique sur données individuelles

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  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Nathalie Greenan

Abstract

[eng] Skill bias: an econometric analysis at the firm level. . Over the last 20 years the structure of firms' employment has moved towards more skilled personnel while unskilled workers have faced a high and persistent unemployment. The purpose of this paper is to test the hypothesis of a skill-biased technical progress. We introduce three new features. First, we estimate our model at the firm level. Second, we distinguish 5 innovation types, that allow fora decomposition of the skill bias. Last, firm level innovation is endogenous. [fre] Le biais technologique. Une analyse économétrique sur données individuelles. . Sur les vingt dernières années, la structure de la main-d'œuvre des entrepri­ses s'est déformée au profit des personnels les plus qualifiés, alors que la main-d'œuvre non qualifiée a dû faire face à un chômage élevé et persistant. L'objectif de cette étude est de tester l'hypothèse d'un progrès technique biaisé en faveur de la main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Elle présente trois originalités. Premièrement, les estimations sont réalisées au niveau de l'entreprise. Deuxièmement, nous mesu­rons le progrès technique par cinq types d'innovation différents qui permettent de décomposer le biais technologique. Troisièmement, l'innovation est endogène.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): n° 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1061-1089

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_p1997_48n5_1061

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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Cited by:
  1. Gallié, Emilie-Pauline & Legros, Diego, 2012. "Firms’ human capital, R&D and innovation: a study on French firms," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6962, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Gallié, Emilie-Pauline & Legros, Diego, 2007. "Innovation and training: a dynamic count data model," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6964, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Angel de la Fuente & Antonio Ciccone, 2003. "Human capital in a global and knowledge-based economy," Working Papers 70, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  4. Nathalie Greenan & Yannick L'Horty, 2002. "Le paradoxe de la productivité," Post-Print halshs-00918037, HAL.
  5. Sami SAAFI & Fouzi SBOUI, 2011. "LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS, DIFFUSION TECHNOLOGIQUE ET DEMANDE DE LA MAIN-D’OEUVRE PAR QUALIFICATION DES INDUSTRIES T," Working Papers 240, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  6. Legros, Diego & Gallié, Emilie-Pauline, 2008. "Vocational Training and Innovation," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5018, Paris Dauphine University.
  7. Sami SAAFI, 2009. "Innovations technologiques, mobilité et demande de main-d’oeuvre qualifiée. Une analyse des industries tunisiennes (Technological innovations, mobility and skilled-labour deamnd : an analysis of tunis," Working Papers 206, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  8. Marc-Arthur Diaye & Nathalie Greenan & Claude Minni & Sonia Rosa Marques, 2006. "Renouvellement des générations, précarité de l'emploi des jeunes et dynamique technologique des entreprises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1295-1328.
  9. Santos, David Ferreira Lopes & Basso, Leonardo Fernando Cruz & Kimura, Herbert & Kayo, Eduardo Kazuo, 2014. "Innovation efforts and performances of Brazilian firms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 527-535.
  10. Anne Saint-Martin & Jean-Pierre Laffargue, 1999. "Inégalités, biais de progrès technique et imperfections de marché en France de 1974 à 1993," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 89-109.
  11. Falk, Martin & Seim, Katja, 1999. "Workers' skill level and information technology: evidence from German service firms," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-14, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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