Salaires relatifs et chômage : une analyse comparative France / Etats-Unis
Abstract[fre] Cette Ã©tude compare l'Ã©volution du marchÃ© du travail en France et aux Ãtats-Unis entre 1970 et 1993. Cette comparaison est menÃ©e d'un point de vue agrÃ©gÃ© et par niveaux de qualification dÃ©finis de maniÃ¨re homogÃ¨ne entre les deux pays. Ã long terme, les inÃ©galitÃ©s salariales globales diminuent en France alors qu'elles augmentent aux Ãtats-Unis. Ceci reflÃ¨te des dÃ©formations opposÃ©es de la distribution des salaires. Les inÃ©galitÃ©s intergroupes connaissent-elles aussi des Ã©volutions contraires. Enfin, Ã partir de l'Ã©tude jointe des distributions salariales et des taux de chÃ´mage, on tente d'Ã©valuer l'impact de la compression salariale franÃ§aise sur le niveau Ã©levÃ© du taux de chÃ´mage. [eng] This paper compares the evolution of the French and American labor markets over the 1970-1993 period. We perform this comparison both at a macro and at a disaggregated level, where we distinguish between different groups of workers, defined by their skill-level, in a way that is consistent across countries. In the long run, wage inequality seems to diminish in France while it increases in the US. This reflects opposite movements in the wage distribution. The American experience of a shrinking middle class stands in marked contrast with the French evolution toward an increasing weight of the lower-median income groups. As far as between-group inequalities is concerned, we observe in both countries a different pattern in education premia. Yet, the joint study of wage distributions and unemployment rates shows little support for the view that lack of wage adjusment led to the French rise in low skilled unemployment.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.
Volume (Year): n° 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Arnaud Lefranc, 1997. "Salaires relatifs et chômage : une analyse comparative France / Etats-Unis," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(5), pages 1041-1060.
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