Innovation, qualité du facteur travail et efficacité productive
Abstract[fre] Cet article analyse l'influence de l'innovation et de la qualitÃ© du facteur travail sur l'efficacitÃ© productive de la firme. Notre panel est divisÃ© en plusieurs sous-ensembles distinguant entre les firmes innovantes et les autres. Nous estimons la mÃªme fonction de production sur ces diffÃ©rentes populations. La comparaison des rÃ©sultats montre que les entreprises innovantes sont en moyenne plus efficaces que les autres. Mais le niveau et l'origine de cet Ã©cart diffÃ¨rent sensiblement suivant le type d'innovation considÃ©rÃ©. En particulier, le niveau de productivitÃ© relative des diffÃ©rentes catÃ©gories d'emploi varie nettement suivant la nature (radicale ou incrÃ©mentale) et l'objet (procÃ¨de, produit ou autre) de l'innovation mise en Åuvre au sein de l'entreprise. [eng] Innovation, quality of labour factor and productive efficiency. . . This paper examines the influence of innovation and labour factor quality on the productive efficiency of the firm. We divide our panel composed with individual firms data in several subgroups with a distinction between innovative firms and others. Then, we estimate the same production function in the cases of these different populations. The results clearly indicate that innovative firms are more productive than others. But, by the same time, the value and the explanation of this efficiency gap deeply differ in regard to the kind of innovation that is considered. Thus the relative labour productivity of each job category is significatively affected by the nature (radical versus incremental) and the object (process versus product versus other) of the innovation that has been implemented by the firm.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.
Volume (Year): n° 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Pierre Huiban & Zouhaïr Bouhsina, 1997. "Innovation, qualité du facteur travail et efficacité productive," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 605-614.
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